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NORMAN MURRAY, 246 St James Street, Montreal, Canada^ 


The great difficulty in handling this complex problem is 
the different points of view from which the extreme opponents 
and defenders of Christianity take up the question. 

Many on both sides take up the question as if it involved 
the whole question of Religion. The fact of the matter is 
that Christianity is only a Religion and a very indefinite Re- 
ligion at that. The central point in Christianity is, of course, the 
person, character and teachings of Jesus Christ. Some people 
take up the question, ' * Was there ever such a person as Jesus 
Christ?" I shall attempt to prove that there never was such 
a person as the Christ of the Church — The only begotten Son 
of God Who became man and was sacrificed as an atonement 
for the transgression of the law of God by the human race. 
That there was a certain person and that his name was Jesus 
and that he was put to death may be granted for the following 
reasons: (1) That a society calling itself Christian existed 
shortly after the accepted date of the execution of Jesus may 
be granted from the fact that early Roman historians referred 
to the society called Christians and the accusations brought 
against them. (2) The execution of a person, again is a fact 
much more capable of proof by ordinary legal methods than 
the character, teachings and motives of that person. 

That we have no definite information about the character, 
teachings or motives of Jesus may be proved as follows: — 

(1) The four Gospels contradict each other in many places. 

(2) The Apocriphal New Testament which was just las 
-authoritative in the early Church as the accepted New Testa- 
ment, would increase the number of contradictions. (3) 
From references in the writings of the early fathers of the 
Church to many other Gospels and Epistles now lost, we may 
reasonably come to the conclusion that if we had them in 
addition to the accepted Gospels and the Apocriphal New 
Testament the contradictions would be still more numerous. 

Now, to test this matter the same as any other debatable 
question, let us start with the following. " axiom": — When 
two or more contradictory accounts of the same events are 
given it is possible for all them to be wrong, but it is impossi- 
ble for all them to be correct. We have two genealogies of 
Jesus in Matthew gand Luke entirely different, both as to the 
number of ancestors between Jesus and David as well as an 
entirely different list of names in each. Now, it is absolutely 
impossible for both of these to be correct, so it is quite pos- 
sible that both are wrong in whole or in part. Besides, if 
Jesus had no earthly father he had no ancestors at all. It is 
quite evident, therefore, that both the writers who gave an 
ancestry to Jesus were not supporting the theory of the mys- 
terious supernatural conception. The four Gospels give four 
entirely different versions of the accusation said to have been 
written by Pilate above Jesus on the cross. Authors who 
were capable of making such mistakes in plain matters of fact 
are naturally even more unreliable when they relate dis- 
courses. In any case, if anything is at all clear about the 
.teachings and character of Jesus it is that he was hostile to 
.the priests and rich of his day, therefore he did not belong 
in any sense whatever and does not belong now to the wealthy 
so-called Christian organizations that have used his name for 
so many ages for monetary and political purposes. 

The chief use the Church has made of Jesus was by the 
atonement theory. Now, there is no theory more repulsive to 
any person with any sense of moral justice than the theory 
of punishing one person for the guilt of another. While man 
may be influenced by love and fear no country has ever 
applied the method of punishing the innocent for the guilty in 
.ordinary human laws. This is a case where Religion has no 
analogy to reason and common sense. 

Let us next take up the question of miracles. Thaumaturgy 
is evidence against instead of being in favor of Christianity. 
^Ethics do not need thaumaturgy to illustrate the value of 
moral teachings. As has been well pointed out by Hume 
and Paine we have no experience of such violation of the laws 
of nature taking place as is recorded in the Bible but we have 

any amount of experience of human falsehood, credulity and 
delusion, therefore it is much more reasonable to attribute 
these so-called miracle to fraud and delusion than to accept 
them as facts. 

Some of Hume's critics tried to make the point that the 
Maker of laws could change the laws to suit the occasion 
which would, in fact, make what we call miracles after all 
conform to laws. John Stuart Mills answered that those 
who tried to make that point must show cause why the ordin- 
ary laws of nature should be abrogated, but they have so far 
failed to do so. 

From Jesus, let us go back to the Hebrew people. To say 
Jhe least, it is rery strange that the Supreme Ruler of the 
earth should take His specially chosen people out of a plentiful 
and fruitful country like Egypt to clie from hunger and thirst 
in the wilderness. Furthermore, as Thomas Paine has well 
said, " Even if Moses did get a revelation it was only a reve- 
lation to himself and only hearsay to all the rest of the world. 
In any case it does not claim to be for any other people, but 
the Hebrews. It is not claimed for Moses that he wished to 
give a message from God to reform or to give laws to any 
other people than the children of Israel. 

Our knowledge of races and climates now teaches us that 
the dietary and social laws of the ancient Hebrews and other 
races still living in Syria and surrounding countries are not by 
any means the kind of laws best suited for Northern peoples 
of other races and other times. 

When Orthodox people are cornered at every other point 
they fall back on the beauty of monotheism and that we owe 
this beautiful theory to the Jews. The fact of the matter is 
that polytheism is much more suitable to a free people than 
monotheism. With the monotheistic idea, people are apt to 
quarrel about the nature of their God, and as the one knows 
just much or as little about the nature of any being, great or 
small, outside of the range of human knowledge as the other, it 
is much more sensible for people to accept different names for 
their different ideas about some being greater than themselves 

than first to agree that there is only one God and then to start 
to quarrel about the nature of that God. 

Now this brings us to the disturbing question of atheism. 
All orthodox people say they base their belief in God on the 
Bible. Now the strange thing about this is that the Bible 
does not give any scientific or philosophical reasons for believ- 
ing in God or gods, like Cicero, Voltaire and Thomas Paine. 
The Bible is addressed to a people who had already a belief in 
God or gods. 

I have read a lot of twaddle by people who call themselves 
atheists, and still emphatically deny that they ever said that 
there was no God. Now, the fact of the matter is that lan- 
guage being mostly arbitrary sounds to express certain ideas, 
always mean what the public understand by it, and no amount 
of explanation on the part of these people will make the 
public change the meaning they attach to the word. Ingersoll 
said that an honest God was the noblest work of man. My 
personal conclusion is that the Bible conception of God is the 
worst type in all human experience. The watch and the 
design argument is at least worth discussing, but the Hebrew 
God ought to be given his passport outside of the borders of 
modern civilization as soon as possible. 

It is hard to say anything on the subject better than 
Spencer's " Unknowable." 

Just one word in parting to the atheistic crank. If you 
convince your public that there is no God, there is no more 
use for books on the subject, which means an end to the most 
interesting of all fiction to a large portion of humanity — the 
God fiction. 

Now, let us touch on the Bible as a book of ethics. How 
■can you teach the rising generation to be moral by immoral 
examples ? How can you talk about the All-Wise loving God 
who created man innocent and perfect and then left him at 
•the mercy, of two evil disposed beings like the orthodox devil 
: and a talking snake ? How do you expect to extract morals 
out of the lives of Lot, Jacob, Moses, Joshua and David ? ! 
the ten commandments and the Psalms, I hear the horrified 

orthodox say. The same man that is supposed to have given 
the Commandment, Thou shalt not kill ! was a murderer him- 
iself and^also ordered a wholesale slaughter. 

The clergy tell those who don't know any better that 
modern civilization is based on the Bible. I ask them, and 
wait for an answer, ' ' How is it that heathen Greece and Rome 
/legalized monogamy, while Hebrew theocracy legalized Poly- 
gamy, and how was it that the old Germanic tribes, as we 
learn from Caesar and Tacitus, practised chastity to a degree 
unknown among ancient Hebrews and modern Christians in 
the same countries under Christian teaching? 

Priests! Priests! if there is a day of judgment after 
death you have much to answer for. How are we ever to 
forget this demoralizing superstition? (1st) by adopting 
Euclid's system of " Reductio ad absurdum," and then try 
to forget it, and to teach the rising generation some more 
moral fables — Aesop's, for example — than this demoralizing 
literature called the Bible. Let us forget Jesus if we can. 
He did not accomplish anything. Let us rather study the 
life of Voltaire, who helped to free his country from supersti- 
tion, also the life and writings of Thomas Paine and Robert G. 
Ingersoll. If Jesus said that people ought to hate father, 
mother, brother and sister, wife and children to become his 
disciples, it says very little for the common sense of the first 
apostles ; if He did not say so, He ought to instruct His mod- 
'ern disciples, if He is still in communication with them, to 
Cease libelling Him. We do not know whether He said so or 
not, let us be more charitable to His memory than His pro- 
fessed disciples, and put that expression down as an interpola- 
tion by some scheming priest, who was desirous of increasing 
his own authority over an ignorant public. There are some 
excellent maxims attributed to Jesus, and we have no record 
that He gathered up riches from deluded mortals who are 
promised rewards in another world like modern priestcraft. 
If they had anything to say about man's place in any world 
beyond the grave, they would do exactly as they do in this one 
— keep the best places for themselves, and let the unfortunate 
victims shift for themselves. 


What do you offer instead of what you are taking away 
from us? we are often asked. The fact of the matter' is, no 
rationalist is trying to take anything away from you. He is 
not^advocating the making of any laws to prevent you from 
praying to or worshipping Jesus. You are the parties who 
are taking something from others. You are not satisfied with 
liberty to rest on the Sabath and worship Jesus ; you also make 
laws to curtail the liberties of other people who do not wish 
to worship Jesus. You directly and indirectly make others' 
pay for a show in which they do not wish to take part. There- 
fore the rationalist is justified in giving his reasons for not 
.joining in your worship or paying for those who conduct the 
performance. While you profess to love your enemies, you 
do all the injury you can directly and indirectly to those who 
^o not believe in the efficacy of your performance. 

Why should any one quarrel with his neighbor for a dif- 
ference of opinion about what did or did not take place two 
thousand years ago, three or four thousand miles away ? Your 
Beligion is full of contradictions. You ought to know that 
a. man cannot be made to believe anything by tyranny and 
coercion. You make a man a hypocrite by frightening him 
to give a verbal consent to what you tell him to save trouble, 
but you ought to know that that is not the proper way o con- 
vince one of the truth of your religion. Besides, if God 
loves mankind and and if He wants them to love and worship 
His, can't He teach them so, the same as He makes the sun to 
-shine and the rain to fall without your assistance. Can't He 
give us a revelation now to suit the occasion without forcing 
us by pains and penalties to believe in things that you know 
no more about than we~ do. In fact, you don't know any- 
thing about the matter at all — you only think you do. They 
-were impressed on your mind in early youth by interested 
parties, the same as a writing is made on a piece of paper or 
<«! a slate, and you had no choice in the matter. (Locke.) 

All well informed people know now that man lived on the 
*earth more than six thousand years, that there is no reason 

whatever to believe that the world was created in six days of 
twenty-four hours each, that there was no universal deluge, 
that the sun does not move around the earth, and that the 
laws of nature were not interfered with to please Joshua or 
any one else, that it is absolutely ridiculous to talk about a 
man living three days in the belly of a fish in the sea. What 
is the object in teaching innocent children these foolish yarns 
as facts? What kind of conception have you got of an omnip- 
otent being, all wise, powerful and good, who can be influ- 
enced by your foolish flattery? If He is influenced by praise, 
He is not unchangeable as the Catechism says He is. Then 
you want to know what you can get in place of all this non- 
sense 1 Let me tell you. If you really want to know some- 
thing about people worth knowing something about in the 
olden times in Europe and Asia, read Herodotus. His history 
is a great deal more amusing, interesting and instructive than 
the miscellaneous collection of pamphlets called the Bible; 
read Plato, the biographer of the good and noble Socrates — 
read Tacitus, there you will find more about your own ances- 
tors, if you are of European origin, than you will find in the 
Bible — read Caesar, Cicero, Plutarch's Lives of Illustrious 
men — Homer arid Virgil, Juvenal, and a whole host of others, 
that are now all translated into all modern languages. These 
were the people that speculated about such interesting themes 
as life beyond the grave and immortality of the soul. The 
early Christians copied their ideas about these matters from 
such authors as we have referred to. They certainly did not 
find such ideas as they have been preaching in. either Moses or 
the Hebrew Prophets. Moses and the Hebrew Prophets were 
too materialistic to speculate about these things. What can an 
insignificant mortal like ourselves do for you or me after we 
6huffle off this mortal coil? Nothing. It is pure bluff 
and a confidence game and is corrupting the human race. 
Take a glance at the history of Christianity, the murder of 
Hypathia, the early wars of the Athanasians and Arians 
about the foolish doctrine of the Trinity in the time of the 
monster Constantine, who first amalgamated Paganism and 
Christianity, thereby corrupting both of them. Read the 
history of the Popes, the bloody Inquisition, the war between 


false Theology and Science, the martyrdom of Bruno and 
Savonarola, the wars of extermination between Catholics and 
Protestants, the long civil war still going on between the estab- 
lished Church, Catholics and Dissenters in the British Isles; 
What is responsible for the everlasting trouble in unfortunate 
Ireland? Christian superstition. Now let me give you a 
few choice texts out of your Holy Bible Compare them 
with Aristotle's beautiful ethics — " the greatest good is happi- 
ness and the means to that end an active, virtuous life." 

Truth is struck out in the clash between two conflicting 

Come out in the open, and fight fair. 

Rationalists don't want to injure you — they fight in open 
djaylight, while a great part of your work is done by con- 
temptible scheming in the dark. 

If anyone asks you what about the supposed miraculous 
conception and resurrection of Jesus, I may say that these 
points are included and disposed of under miracles. It is 
pure mythology — not ethics, and not worthy of serious con- 
sideration. The most serious matter about Bible teachings 
in any case, is the evil influence Old Testament stories always 
have, on those who read them — like dime novels and penny v 
dreadfuls. In what way, please tell me, will the study of the 
history of the ancient Hebrew people solve our modern social 
and economic problems ? The Hebrew, since we first heard of 
him, has been a disturbing element in every country that has 
ever been inflicted with his unwelcome presence in any large 
numbers. Yet our missionaries are now disturbing the 
Chinese who have succeeded to manage their own affairs for 
countless ages much better than the Hebrews ever succeeded in 


It is to be noted that, according to the etiquette of modera 
so-called civilized society, several notable Bible texts are not 
fit to be printed for general circulation, except by the Bible 
Society. How long society will put up with this kind of 
humbuggery, it is hard to say. If I had the means at my 
disposal I would certainly make a test case against the Bible: 


Society for circulating obscene literature. Here follows 
some interesting Bible texts — look them up in your Bibles. 
For the reasons given above only references to some of them 
are given. 


Sixth Commandment— "Thou shalt not MIL" — Ex. 20, 
v. 13. 

Wholesale slaughter of both Hebrews and heathen com- 
manded.— Ex. 32, v. 27. Num. 31, v. 14 to 18 

A good poser for a hard shell orthodox — 1 Chron. 21, v. 1, 
and 2 Sam. 24, v. 1. 

In one case God causes the mischief and in the other Satan 
does it. This is one of those cases where the Prophets were 
not sure whether it was the voice of the father or the voice of 
the goblin that was speaking. 

The character of the man after God's ojva heart is illus- 
trated in the following passages: 2Sam. 12, v. 13; 1 Chron. 
20, v. 3 ; 1 Sam. 27, v. 3 and 9 ; and 1 Sam. 25, v. 13 ; 1 Sam. 
18, v. 27; also 2 Sam. eh. 8, v. 2 to 4. As we are told in 
Kings 15, v. 5, that David did that which was right in the 
sight of the Lord, save in the matter of Uriah, we may pre- 
sume that all the other bad deeds were pleasing to the Lord. 
Why the Lord should take such special notice of the affair of 
Uriah more than other equally abominable transactions, it is 
hard to say. The key to the whole business may be found in 
the following two instances as recorded in Joshua 6, v. 17 and 
21 and Joshua 7, v. 10-26. It was a holy act to destroy every- 
thing that had a breath in Jericho except Rabah the harlot, 
but because Achan put aside a lump of gold which the priests 
claimed as their portion he and his family is made a bonfire of. 

Gen. 30, v. 15 and 16. — And she said unto her, Is it a small 
matter that thou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou 
cake away my son 's mandrakes also ? And Rachel said there- 
fore he shall lie with thee to-night for thy son's mandrakes. 


And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, and Leah 
went out to meet him and said, Thou must come in unto me 
for surely I have hired* thee with my son 's mandrakes. And 
he lay with her that night. 

Gen. 19, v. 31 to 36 — The story of Lot cohabiting with his 
own daughters. 

Hosea , chap. 1, v. 2 and 3 ; chap. 3, v. 2. — And the Lord 
said unto Hosea, Go take unto thee a wife of whoredoms; so 
he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim. Then said 
the Lord unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, 
yet an adulteress, so I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of 
silver, and for an Homar of barley and an half homar of 


Gen. 38, v. 9. Leviticus 18, v. 7. Deut. 23, v. 1. II 
Kings 18, v. 27. Isaiah 36, v. 12. Hosea chap. 1, v. 2, chap. 
3, v. 2. Ezekiel 4, v. 11 and 12. 

Man put to death by Moses' command for gathering a few 
sticks to make a fire, on the Sabbath Day. — Numberi 15, v. 

War with Midian and slaughter of men, women and chil- 
dren. — Numbers 31, v. 7-18. 

Two different genealogies of Jesus. — Matt. 1 and Lftke 3. 

Four different versions of the inscription placed above 
Christ's head at the crucifixion.— Matt. 27, v. 37. Mark 15, 
v. 26. Luke 23, v. 38. John 19, v. 19. 

A very spiritual song. — Song of Solomon, chapter 7, v. 1, 
2 and 3. 

N.B. — Other select verses will be given with later issues. 


THE MAN versus THE STATE. By Her- 
bert Spencer. 


LESSONS. By F. J. Gould. First 

SAYS. Three Series. 160 pp. each. 

Edwards. I 

ON TRIAL. By Joseph McCabe, J. M. 
Robertson, and others. 



E. J. Hunt. 


DO WE BELIEVE? A Brief Exposition 
of the Rationalist Faith. By J. A. 

CATION: Its History and Results. By 

Joseph McCabe. 



OF REASON. By Thomaji 

RIGHTS OF MAN. By Thomas Paine. 

SOCIALISM: Its Fallacies and Dangers. 

By David 




By E. B. 

Meaning. By W. W. Hardwicke, M.D. 

THE R.P.A. ANNUAL: 1910. Containing 
papers by Dr. F. C. Conybeare, Mr. 
J. A. Farrer, Mr. Eden Phillpotts, Mr. 
John M. Robertson, M.P., Mr. A. W. 
Benn, Mrs. H. Bradlaugh Bonner, Mr. 
Joseph McCabe, and others. 

Price 20 cents each, or post paid 25 cents* 
6 for $ LOO or $1.25 post paid, 

NORMAN MURRAY, 246 St. James Street, Montreal. 

Note. — I have deleted Nos. 1, 4, 25, 12 and 14 Extra Series, as contain- 
ing theories inconsistent with rationalism, hut I am willing to supply them to 
hos e who want them. — N. M. 


<4 But Bibliolatry not only paralyzes the moral sense, it 
also corrupts the intellect and introduces a crooked logic by 
setting men to the duty of extracting absolute harmony out of 
discordant material." — Newman's Phases of Faith, page JO J. 
















By E. Clodd. 


THOUGHT. By Samuel Laing. With 



By Ernest Haeckel. 

EDUCATION: Intellectual, Moral, and 

Physical. By Herbert Spencer. 


GOD. By Grant Allen. 

HUMAN ORIGINS. By Samuel Laing. 

ter Morison. 


21. THE APOSTLES. By Ernest Renan. 


S. Laing. 




ON LIBERTY. By John Stuart Mill. 




Leslie Stephen. 

LIFE OF JESUS. By Ernest Renan. 


By Prof. W. H. Hudson. 


J. S. Mill. 


R. Greg. 



LIFE. By Ernest 



By Ernst Haeckel. 

28. HUME'S ESSAYS: I.— An Inquiry 
Concerning Human Understanding. 
II. — An Inquiry Concerning the Prin- 
ciples of Morals. 



TION. By Dennis Herd, M.A 

31. PHASES OF FAITH. By F. W. New- 



H. Huxley. 




By T. H. Huxley. 

36. HAECKEL: His Life and Work. By 

Wilhelm Bolsche. With Illustrations. 

37. 38 and 39. LIFE OF THOMAS PAINE. 

By Moncure D. Conway. 

40. THE HAND OF GOD. By Grant Allen. 


1. JESUS CHRIST: His Apostles and 
Disciples in the Twentieth Century. 
By Count de Renesse. 


By Joseph McCabe. 

G. H. Lewes. 


By John Wilson, M.A. 

GIONS. By C. T. Gorham. 






By Auguste Comte. 




S. P. Haynes. 

WORLD. By Chilperic Edwards. 


By C. P. 

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NORMAN MURRAY, 246 St James, Montreal, Canada. 

He is not bis brother's keeper, but he got a pile of his brother's money 
and is on his way to a fuiet corner on Drum mood Street, where his poorer 
pothers are not likely to follow. (See page 30). 


Part 2. 


A Thesis on the Hypothesis that Jesus was in league 
with' the Roman Government; that his mission was to 
undermine the power of the Jewish priests over the 
Jewish J v'ople; that He was not aetually pnt to death 
at all, but went through the form of a trial, and that 
he was f.ually spirited away to parts unknown when 
his mission failed. 

Of ali the theories that have been propounded about 
Jesus, his supposed mysterious birth, his teachings, 
motive-" ana mysterious disappearance, the most plausi- 
ble to me after a life study of 56 years, is that he was a 
secret agent of the Roman Government. The strongest 
arguneiv: in favor of this theory, is that it explains • 
many difficulties that have never, been explained by any 
other theory that I know of. 

Celsus, the most noted of the .early philosophical op- 
ponents of Christianity in the 3rd century, states that 
Jesus was the son of a Roman officer, stationed in 
Judea. Neither the Jewish rabble nor the priests and 
scribes Lave ever been able to fathom the motives of 
J*esus during his 'short campaign of three years and a 
half. That he was taken to some foreign country 
shortly after his birth is recorded in the Gospels. Pro- 
bably he was taken to Alexandria to be educated. The 
Jews ha\e been the greatest problem that any country, 
that thev ever had any connection with, had to deal 
with. Of all the tribes ancient and modern that we 
have ever heard of, they have always been and are still 
tlfce Lro.-.t superstitious, bigoted and intolerance. Like 
the ev.i influences of the fabled Upas Tree wherever they 
have been, under whatever name — Mosaic, Jews or 
Christiars they always had the conceit that they were 
a special!} chosen people. They were the only chose* 
people, their God Jehovah was the only true God, and 
tftey wore the ©nly people that ever got a gentrin* 


divine revelation— all the others were false of course. 
Thev have always been slaves to superstitution and 
during all their career, with the exception of about 200 
years, if we may believe their own record, they have 
been dependant on some other country. The only con- 
science they ever had, as a people, was a ceremonial 
•conscieiici They were always very particular about the 
ceremonies oi their baneful religion, but the Gentiles 
never had any rights which they were bound to respect, 
except when they were obliged to. The triune given* for 
the birth of Jesus was the brightest era of the Roman 
Kmpire The Jews were the most complex problem 
they had to deal with. Other people could live peace- 
ably with the conquerors when they were conquered, but 
the Jews could not. Wherever there were Romaii 
armies, there were, x>i course, Roman rites and ceremon- 
ies. Other people could stand this without any con- 
scientious difficulties, as long as they were allowed to 
practice their own religion, which the Romans, as wise 
Rulers, of course, never interferred with. To practice 
any other religion but Judaism in Jerusalem could not 
of course be tolerated by the Jewish priests and a 
standing arm} was always necessary to keep them in 
order. ],ik- every other religion, of course, there had 
many additions been made from time to time to the 
ceremonies of the Jewish religion; various new. schemes 
of raisai ;.; a revenue were of course devised by the Jew- 
ish priests from time to time and though the ceremonial 
law was supposed to have been completed a long time 
before, the vast majority of the population had only a 
very vague idea of what was written in their own books. 
It was very natural for the Romans to try some method 
of undermining the authority of the Jewish priests. The 
books of that time being all written by hand there was 
no possible guarantee that any two copies of the law 
would be absolutely alike. Even under a modern system 
of writing in Roman characters a good scribe could not 
write out more than about two sets of the Hebrew 
scripturts in a year and do it right. It would be very 
easy therefore for a man trained in philosophy, logic 
and history as Jesus evidently had been, with a good 
knowledge of the various editions of the Hebrew scrip- 
tures t<> confound the priests and the scribes ,by the 
Socratic method of asking questions. Jesus himself did 
»ot like to answer the questions of strangers off hand. 
When he did answer, it was in such a way that the 


heckleis generally got the worst of it. The Roman 
Government felt quite easy about the rural agitation 
conducted by Jesus; all the harm caused by his agitation 
was therefore felt by the priests. 

Jesus, likt Moses, Mahomet and others in all ages 
who had a card up their sleeve that they did not wish 
the ignorant crowd to know anything about, often re- 
tired to lonesome places very likely for private consul- 
tation with the representatives of the Roman Govern- 
ment .j On one such occasion we are told he met two 
mysterious characters, which the only two of the dis- 
ciples that ever saw the strangers were told were Moses 
and E'lias. At the time of the capture of Jesus in a 
lonely place Jesus had previously given his disciples a 
hint of what was to take place, and some of them had 
provided themselves with weapons of defence, but they 
did not use them. Very little resistance would probably 
have sent the servants of the high priest sent to» capture 
Jesus back without accomplishing anything. Probably 
Jesus and the Roman Government had come to the con- 
clusion that all that could be done at the time to set 
the common people against the priests had already been 
done, and that the time had come to test the result. 
The resu't was that as far as Jerusalem was concerned, 
the conservative party — the party of the priests — were 
still in a vast majority When the matter was put to the 
test by appealing to the people whether they would pre- 
fer Jesus o- Barabbas, the highway robber, released, the 
crowd by a vast majority preferred the release of Barab- 
bas, a thief and a murderer; and when they were asked 
"What was their wish about Jesus," they shouted ^Cruci- 
fy Him, Crucify Him. 

Pilate played his part of the game well, and so did 
Jndas and Jesus, but it was absolutely useless to try to 
wean the Jews away from the baneful power of the 
priests. The mock trial was accordingly gone through 
with. Jesus was apparently crucified and gave up the 
ghos"- but it is quite evident from the details of the 
story that there was a fluke somewhere. The legs of the 
other two that were crucified with Jesus were broken, 
while the legs of Jesus were not. While the prosecution 
was initiated by the Jewish priests, the Romans only 
tad the final say in the matter. In the matter of life 


and death the Roman soldiers saw to it that the instruc- 
tions of their Gov e rnor were carried out. According to 
the story as recorded in the Gospels, Jesus was executed 
on Friday evening. The strongest point of controversy 
between Jesus and the priests had been about the observ- 
ance of the Sabbath. Nothing can be done in the way 
of freeing the masses from the power of the priests as 
long as the people continue to devote a certain day sa- 
cred to sloth, as Juvenal, the famous Roman Satirist, 
accuses the Jews of doing. It is quite evident if the 
story as told in the Gospel is relied on, that the disciples 
and relatives of Jesus did not go near the tomb at all 
during the Sabbath day. The Roman soldiers could stay 
at home that day, or they could carry out any arrange- 
ments that they had previously concocted to get Jesus 
•away at once and for all from the Jewish people. Jesus 
had not succeeded in weakening the hold of the Sabbath 
superstitions on the Jewish people. If they Jiad\watched 
all the tune, they could possibly have got more definite 
information about what had become of their Lord and 
Master, as the few disciples called Him. The Sabbath 
superstition, however, had then a stronger hold on even 
the disciples and friends of Jesus, than their anxiety to 
know what had become of Him. After waiting a day 
and a half, however, before going to pay their respects to 
Jesus, he was not to be found — they never saw him any 

more, and it served them right. They should have gone 
to see early next morning whether Jesus was really dead 
or alive. He had probably bv this time been on his way 
to Rome in a closed carriage. The Romans kept their 

secret well. It is easy for Gentiles to keep secrets from 
Jews and for Jews to keep secrets from Gentiles; .as the 

Jew would not eat with the Gentiles when he could get 

any Jev to eat with, and in Jerusalem, of course, that 
was an easy matter. 

It wil! likeiy be objected that it would be contrary to 
the 'subiimt character of Jesus, to work such a stupend- 
ous deception. The fact of the matter is, that the ex- 
periment could only have been carried on by a man pos- 
sessed by the strongest possible philanthropic motives. 
What higher motives can a man have, than to try to 
save his countrymen from the baneful influences of a deep 
rooted supei^tition. If any reliance is to be placed on 
the Gospel stories, he tried to win the people away from 
Moses and his craft v priests to an entirely new philoso- 

phy, at least so far as the Jews were concerned. Tht 
priests were troubled by the Roman yoke, not because 
the people paid taxes to the Roman Government but be- 
cause th»; Roman Government in their midst prevented 
them from putting to death, according to their law, any 
one who violated the Mosaic law. This is the secret of 
the everlasting hankering of the Jews, as exhibited! in the 
recent Zionist movement, for a state of their own where 
they can eniorce* the Mosaic laws by means of the death 
penalty for non-conformitv. Through the whole story 
of Jesus in the Gospels, there is nothing to be found that 
shows any hostility on his part to the Roman Govern- 
ment. When he is asked his opinion about paying tribute 
to Caesar, he makes the astounding statement that all 
the coins bearing % Caesa.r's likeness belong to Caesar. This 
theory vculdMiot leave much money for the priests. That 
he felt deeply for the Jews, may be gathered from the 
fact thc«t he is said to have wept bitterly one day when 
looking at Jerusalem and told the people that the day 
would corrx when not a stone would be left on another. 
That the Jews should have been dragooned to a super- 
stitious reverence and observance of the Mosiac lawjs is 
riot so strange as that so many people to-day iseem to 
have so much reverence for a literature and folk lore be- 
longing- to another race and age which is of no practical 
value whatsoever, either as history, science or ethics. 

Let us leave the Jews serenely alone to their own de- 
vices, as long as they do not meddle with us. We can- 
not solv their problem. Persecution certainly does not 
tend to human brotherhood. The Jews will never get 
what they are praying for — supremacy over the rest of 
the human race. The human race fortunately is too 
large a quantiey to bring under any one system of gov- 
ernment or religion. This baneful Semitic folk-lore, whe- 
ther called Judaism, Christianity or Mohammetanis'tti, 
will die a natural death some day, but it will not come 
in our tiiref There is not much use discussing what use 
it may have been in the past. The question for us to 
settle is "What use is it now?" The question for us to 
always be with us. We cannot alter the past and coming 
generations will make laws for themselves. Let us get 
freedom from the rule of the dead. Above all let us get 
rid of Semitic superstition. Let us do our duty in our 
own day. Let good and wise men put their heads to- 
gether and compose a new book of Ethics and "mortal 
stories." The old Testament stories are not edifying to 


us., The family life of the old Hebrew or modern Turks 
is not the ideal life for northern people. There will be 
no real happiness in northern countries, peopled by Teu- 
tonic or Celtic peoples, where polygamy exists. No good 
woman of our race will share her husband's love with 
another woman, and no decent man will expect her to. 
The woman has as much right to demand faithfulness in 
this respect from man, as the man has from the woman. 
Free love is only another name for prostitution. Divorce 
is unjust to the children to whom the justice due by their 
parents is more important than granting quarrelsome 
men and women legal sanction to make new choices. Let 
them look well in advance — there is no law to prevent 
those who wish to separate peaceably from doing so if 
they wish. But divorce legally and re-marriage legally 
while either of the parents still live, is only creating 
trouble for society. Good men and good women are ex- 
pected to put up with some inconvenience for each others 

Of course- it is impossible at this distance of time to 
speak definitely about Jesus and his motives, but the 
teachings attributed to him now have not the remotest 
connection in the world with modern Christianity. 

When I was a boy the theory taught in church and 
school was that Jesus renounced heavenly glory and be- 
came a poor man to be able to sympathize and show 
an example to mankind. The natural inference from this 
theory would be, that 'his professed followers would do 
likewise. Then the Pope and the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury would have to renounce their grandeur to be like 
their Lord and Master. The only one in modern times 
who made any attempt to follow that example was Tol- 
stoy — but no others have so far followed his example. 

Then as to turning their cheek and loving their ene- 
mies, the testimony of history has been that the prof- 
fessed followers of Jesus have been the most relentless 
tyrants in the world's history. In any case whether, my 
theory is correct or not, one thing quite certain is that 
Jesus failed to get the Jews to follow him in any 
large number, those of them who did follow him had 
comparatively little influence over the Jewish people. 
He did not fill the bill, as the Messiah they were looking 
for. They were looking for a Napoleon to conquer tke 
Romans and make them a great nation. This has al- 
ways been their ambition in which they have never sue- 


ceeded, ami for my part I don't see any likefihood ol 
their ever succeeding. It would not be a good thing for 
the world to give them any more power or influence 
than they have now. The sum total of their influence on. 
humanity has been like a frost on the early crops. 

Now if there is one fact clearer than another in his- 
tory it is that no nation can be truly great which tries 
to force uniformity of religion on all the people. Only a 
small portion of mankind ever did or is ever likely 
think alike. No nation becomes great that commences 
to lay down the rule of religious conformities. This 
delusion as pointed out so ably by the famous Volney,. 
has been the cause of the downfall of most of the great 
empires of antiquity. The empires that were most 
successful were such only under a system of polytheism 
where every one was allowed to worship any God he 
choose, or n<> God at all. Of all the people of this 
world of which we have any record, the Jews have 
always been and are still the most stupid and 
fanatical . No people has ever so tenaciously con- 
tinued to worship the creation of their own imagination 
which they call Jehovah. If the Supreme Ruler of the 
universe had chosen them as they, claim, surely it is the 
simplest of all logical reasoning that he could have ful- 
filled his promise to make them a great nation. A great 
nation they never have been, and a great nation, it is 
safe to prophesy, they never shall be. They are now 
abaut""one-half per cent, of the human race, scattered all 
over the face of the globe, still they will not assimilate 
with other races. The greatest wonder in connection 
with this delusion, however, is that the great nations of 
Europe and America still accept the collection of discor- 
dant pamphlets called the Bible as the greatest book 
in the world. The fight for the total regulation of this 
book with other myths of the ancient world is only com- 
mencing. It is the duty of all noble minded men who 
love their kind to work for the. abolition of this extra- 
ordinarv delusion from the world of thought. The his- 
tory of this book is the history of the greatest delusion 
that ever afflicted the human race. 


The root evil of Judaism and Christianity may be ex- 
pressed in one word of four letters — Only. The disting- 
uishing feature of Judaism and Christianity has always 


been and still continues to be the baneful delusion that 
"they only worship the only true God, and that their Bi- 
ble was the only revealed word of God, the only revela- 
tion from God to mankind, the only rule of faith and 
conduct, the only star in the firmament. The best thing 
in the Koran is the repudiation of this word only. Ma- 
homet did not claim to be the only prophet of God, 
nor his revelations to be the only revelation from God 
he acknowledged that there were others. 

Just fancy the look of contempt and disdain that So- 
crates, Aristotle, Cicero, Marcus Aurelius and the great 
and good Julian whom the Christians called an apostate, 
at a bigoted ignorant Hebrew, or an equally bigoted 
and ignorant Christian presuming to tell men so much 
superior to themselves in wisdom and virtue that they 
-were the only ones that had the\true religion. The same 
profound presumption is propagated by modern Chris- 
tian missionaries in the faces of the sages of China, Ja- 
pan, India and Egypt. The : ignorant Salvation Army 
spouter puts on the same loftv air among modem sci- 
entists and philosophers. 

There ca'/i never be peace in the world till these ig- 
norant fanatics are taught their proper place. Of- course 
this cannot be done by persecuting them. Coercion will 
never cure lunatics or fanatics. Let them have their 
play, but they must not rule over others, but we must 
have th? right to laugh at them, which is the right that 
I for one intend to exercise on all proper occasions. 


A great deal has been written about the religions of 
the past, and some who might be more profitably -em- 
ployed discuss learnedly "The Religion of the Future." 
It is much more important, however, to outline a good 
working religion for the present than to waste too much 
time about the past or in prophesying about the future. 
The present is enough for us. Our forefathers have left 
all the so-called civilized nations of the world heavily in 
debt. The interest that all the countries of Europe and 
America have to pay on the national debts are enorm- 
ous. The cast iron confessions of faith they have made 
for themselves . and their children should be cast into th« 


scrap iron heaps. On account of their intense ignorance 
they were easily hypnotized by scheming parasites who 
would much rather pray (which generally means preying) 
than work. Though they knew much less than we about 
how to produce the most goods with the least labor, 
they seemed to have much more leisure than we have, 
because their wants were fewer and they lived a much 
simpler liic. We can learn much from their experiences, 
provided w^ study them carefully and make ourselves the 
judges. One great mistake that our ancestors in parti- 
cular made, was to accept the history of the Jews at 
their own valuation. The Fagan historians of Rome 
were much wiser in this respect than our immediate an- 
cestors. Th j contemporaries of the Jews or Israelites of 
three thousand years ago knew as much about them as 
we know ol the Jews of the present day. We have been 
for a long time saddling the wrong horse. We have 
swallowed quite innocently the abuse of the Egyptians, 
Canaanites, 1'hilistines, Babylonians, etc., etc., contained 
in Hebrew folk-lore. A careful critical analysis of that 
folk lore itself will easily demonstrate that the heathen* 
were always by far the more superior people — Doldwin 
Smith, Huxley and Arnold all to the contrary notwith- 
standing. My particular objection to the Bible is, not 
so much on, account of the miracles or the dogmatic the- 
ology contained in it, but that a brutal, selfish, fanati- 
cal, superstitious people have always been put up on a 
pedestal for us to look up to in admiration, which I, for 
one, do not propose to do, neither do I propose to apo- 
logize to any one for proclaiming whenever I get oc- 
casion that my own ancestors were in every respect far 
superior to the ancient Hebrews or modern Jews in all 
respects whatosever. Therefore the first thing to do, to 
cut out ol our life, the pernicious influences of Hebrew 
folk lore, is to try to relegate it entirely to» oblivion — 
root and branch. This is not a very easy tajk, but 
what was done once can be done again.; Till recent years 
when the education of the masses became popular, they 
practically knew nothing about this literature of which 
a large portion is absolutely abominable. I ask them 
and wait fo»* an answer — how anything that would now 
be considered vile, vulgar, obscene, untruthful, etc., etc., 
in amy other literature can be classified as lofty, inspirr 
ing, edifying and the word of God when found in a book 
oi ancient Hebrew literature. 




Another popular argument is, that as so many good 
people believe in Christianity, therefore it must be true. 
If all the people called Christians were good, and all 
other people were bad, this argument would have some 
value, but such has never been the case. We know that 
many good people are easily imposed on, which is just 
the more reason why they should be told that such is 
the case. This is a fight against delusions and not 
against the deluded. 


There is an old and true proverb which says: "Take the 
clean water in before you throw out all the dirty 1 wa- 
ter." One weak point in much that goes under the name 
of modern free thought, is that very little effort is made 
to teach a systematic code of ethics. This system is 
worse than useless. Many gems may 'be found scattered 
here an^ there through the Bible among which there is 
bad, foolish and useless. My contention is that a good 
book of moral philosophy should be all good, and not 
good and bad mixed together. I propose in this series 
to give a few gems from Confucius, and the great Stoic 
philosophers. The west can learn a great deal more 
from Comuuus than the disciples of Confucius can learn 
out of the Christian Bible. 


Thus, \i we assent to Comte's famous law of the Three 
States, Confucianism really represents a more advanced 
stage of civilization than Biblical Christianity. 

Knowing that personal example is the most effective 
way in whick a father can teach his sons what is rigkt, 
he unhestitatingly attributed the same powerful influence 
to the personal conduct of the sovereign, and went so 
far as to declare that if the ruler was personally up- 
right, his subjects would do their duty unbidden, if he 
was not upright, they would not obey, whatever his 


Though often disheartened by the long and bitter 
struggle Against adverse circumstances, and the powers 
of e v il> he (Confucius J never gave over in disgust. There- 
in lay his greatness. 

True virtue rarely goes with artful speech and insinu- 
ating looks. At home a young man should show the 
qualities of a son; abroad, those of a younger brother. 
He should be circumspect but truthful. He should have 
charity in his heart for all men, but associate only 
with the virtuous. After thus regulating his conduct, 
his surplus energy should be devoted to literary cul- 

Tze Km is, inquired about the higher type of man, The 
Master replied: The higher type of man is one who acts 
before he speaks and professes only what he practices. 

The Master said: The higher type of man is catholic in 
his sympathy and free from party bias; the lower type 
of man is biased and unsympathetic. 

It is the spirit of charity which makes a locality good 
to dwell h:. He who selects a neighborhood without re- 
gard to this quality cannot be considered wise. 

Only he who hath the spirit of goodness within him 
is really able to love or to hate. 

The nobler sort of man and his progress through the 
world has neither narrow predilections nor obstinate an- 
tipathies. What he follows is the line of duty. 

The r.cbler sort of man is proficient in the know- 
ledge of his duty; the inferior man is proficient only in 
money making. 

The wis? man will be slow to speak but quick to act. 

The Master said: When the solid outweighs the orna- 
mental we have boorishness; when the ornamental out- 
weighs the solid we have superficial smartness. Only 
from a proper blending of the two will the higher type 
of man emerge. 

Better than one who knows what is right is one who 
is fond of what is right; a»d better than one who is fond 
of what is right is one who delights in what is right. 

Fan Chih asked in what wisdom consisted. The Mas- 
ter saio: Make righteousness in human affairs your aim, 
treat all supernatural beings with respect, but keep 


aloof fr in them — then you may be called wise.; Asked 
about moral virtue, he replied: The virtuous man thinks 
of the difficult thing first, and makes material advantage 
only as secondary consideration. This may be said to 
constitute moral virtue. 


The Y. M. C. A., like all other Christian institutions, re- 
sent criticism. I have belonged to this Institution at 
one time. I found it beneficial to me as long as I believ- 
ed in some form of Christianity. The Y.M.C.A. may 
still be useful to young men who believe in Christianity, 
if conducted properly. I certainlv would prefer to siee 
young or old men spending their leisure time round a 
Y. M. C. A. building -or. even a Church than round a 
saloon. The saloon is evil and only evil and that con- 
continuallv and it has no redeeming feature whatever. I 
believe therefore that the removj.1 of the Y. M. C. A. to 
a backwaid street like Drummond St. was a big mistake 
which materially lessens its usefulness. I believe 'more- 
over collecting $300,000 a couple of years ago from a 
generous public and then selling the building situated on 
an excellent site to attract the public was somewhat of 
the nature of a fake. If it is to be a private club for the 
sons of the wealthier classes of the community, let it be 
so, but let it not pose as an institution with altrustic 


The worst disaster in the history of Montreal took 
place on Monday, June nth, 1910, shortly before noon, 
when a water tank weighing about 12,000 gallons of 
water fell through five (5) stories to the basement set- 
ting the building on fire which resulted in a loss of thirty 
two lives. Now I am not going to attach a blame for this 
awful calamity to anyone in particular. There are, how- 
ever, lessons to be learned from it that it might be weft 
for anyone who has anything to do with Montreal 
buildings U, take into serious consideration. Montreal 


in general is very unfortunate in one thing; it has very 
bad foundations for heavy buildibgs, especially on the 
levels. Many of the old buildings are built on piles and 
some of them have since been used for purposes for 
which the}- were not originally intended. Under such 
conditions it would seem like courting disaeter to put a 
12, ocx) gallon water tank on the top of a 12 inch brick 
wall 5 stories high in a building where heavy presses 
were in motion. Kt would appear to me, though I do 
not profess to be an engineer, that four feet would not 
be an inch too much thickness for a brick wall that was 
intended to support a 12,000 gallon water tank even if 
the foundation was on a rock, not to speak of founda- 
tions like St. James and Craig streets. 

There has been bungling in connection with the recov- 
ery of the bodies which shows bad civic management. 
It took eight days to find the remains of some of the 
unfortunate victims. The first two days after the catas- 
trophe onlv d comparatively small gang of firemen and 
policemen were employed in the work of finding the 
remains. Com'mon sense would teach ordinary people 
that such is not the work for which firemen and police- 
men are engaged. There should have been a large gang 
of builders' laborers under the guidance of a building 
contractor to do such work. There should be some pro- 
vision made against such bungling in future* 

A fern of the Great Rasters 


BY A TEXAS PAGAN. 73 Illustration!. 

This author has the four best qualifications to analyze 
Semitic superstition : a thorough knowledge of Pagan 
and Semitic folk-lore, a strong sense of humor, and 
humanitarian ideas 

Price SO cents ; Postage, cents. 


Showing how all the Great Empires of antiquity 
iiave been ruined by superstition and priestcraft. 

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Showing how humanity has been mart) red since the 

beginning of human history by priestcraft and j uperstt- 


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With a master'^ hand this author shows the superi- 
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Superstitions. This is a new work. 

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Frenh Revolution 123 (1912) 

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Part 3 


This is an age of transition; old ideas are being discarded 
and new ones are coming to th8 front in such numbers as to 
cause unbounded confusion. The unchurched are a higedly, 
pigedly confused mass of so-called freethinkers, rationalists, 
atheists, socialists, evolutionists, anarchists, and new theo- 
logists. The Churches are also in a confused state. The 
Bible and Jesus form their rallying points, but there are so 
many theories about the Bible and Jesus as there are hairs 
on a dog's back. 

As a humble represertative of the great school of Stoio 
Philosophy, I am trying to attack the Bible and Christianity 
on moral grounds. 

I attach no importance whatever to the evolution theory, 
and I absolutely repudiate atheism as being a mere foolish 
bravado, but it would be waste of time to discuss with many 
people, particulary those who have the atheistic, evolution- 
ist, anarchistic or socialistic bee in their bonnets. Men 
whose minds are occupied with one idea are practically o^ 
little importance in a world of thought. 

It is a good thing to believe in a God provided you have 
a good God, but belief in a bad God is the worst calamity 
that can befall humanity . It is also a good thing to have a 
religion providing you have a good religion, but a bad religion 
is a had thing for the individual and for a nation. 

I maintain that many of the ideas about God contained in 
the book called the Bible are the most ridiculous to be found 
in any book of Folklore ancient or modern. 

Very few people have such good memories as to be able 
to refer offhand to the passages they wish to refer to. I 


herefore offer this concordance as a ready reference to the 
f passages in the Bible most useful for conducting a ration- 
alistic anti-biblical campaign preparatory to the introduction 
of the more superior system of ethics taught by Confucius, 
the Ancient Stoics and the modern Philosophers of the 
positive, pragmatic and utilitarian schools. 

Montreal, February 3rd, 1912, or French Revolution 12 3. 

ABRAHAM — The father of the faithful, and a personal 
friend of the Hebrew God. II. Chrs. 20, V. 7. Is. 41 V. 8. 
James 2, V. 23. Marries his own half sister. Gen. 20 V. 
12. Takes Hagar for a concubine with his wife ; Sarah's 
consent, Gen. 16, V. 1. Loans his wife for immoral pur. 
poses, Gen. 12, V, 13,15, Gen. 20, V. 1-2. Sends Hagar, 
his concubine, and his son by her adrift in the wilderness 
with only a bottle of water, Gen 21, V. 14. 

ACIIAN — When every man, woman and child, and even 
the animals in Jericho were all slaughtered by Joshua at 
the command of God — except Rahab the harlot, Achan saw 
some old clothes and some silver and gold lying about with, 
out an owner. For thus appropriating what the priests 
claimed belonged exclusively to them, he and his sons and 
his daughters and his cattle and even his tent were made a 
bonfire of, as a warning to all the people in future to give 
all the gold and silver found in captured cities to the priests. 
Joshua 7, V. 19-25. 

ADULTERY — A popular amusement with Bible Saints., 
Abraham with Hagar with Sarah's consent, Gen. 16, V. 1-4. 
Jacob with his two wives, who by the way, were sisters, 
and his two maid servants. Cen Z0, V. 1-22. Judah with 
daughter-in-law, Gen 38 — read the whole chapter — it is 
more spicy than Maria Monk, the Police Gazette or Byron's 
suppressed poem, "Forbidden Fruit," or anything that ever 
appeared in "Murray's Broadsides or Eye openers." Lot 
and his daughters, Gen. 19, V. 30-37. Samson and the 


harlot, Judges, Chap. 16. David and Uriah's wife, 11 Sam. 
V. 2-6. Both Abraham and Isaac were willing to sell the 
virtue of their wives to save themselves from harm, Gen. 12, 
V. 10-20, and Chap. 26, V. 7. 

AMALEKITES — Were an ancient people widely spread 
throughout the country, lying on the south and east of 
Palestine, often mentioned in the Jewish Scriptures and 
celebrated also in Arabian Tradition. Gen. 36, V. 16. 17, V. 
8-13. Ex. 17, V. 16. Deut. 25, V. 17. Judges 7, V. 12. 

1 Sam. 14, V. 48, also 15 V. 8, 27, V. 9, 30 V. 17. The 
Fakir Samuel, who is described in the Bible as one of the 
Prophets of. Israel, wishing to pick up a quarrel with 
Saul, told him to go and utterly destroy Amelek, men, 
women and children, under the pretence that they had not 
given the proper hospitality to the children of Israel when 
they passed by their country on their way from Egypt 400 
years previously. The Fakir Samuel not satisfied with the 
warlike methods of Saul, with his own hands murdered 
Agag the King of Amalek, who had been taken prisoner by 
Saul, 1 Sam. 16, V. 33. 

ARKS — There are three kinds of Arks mentioned in the 
Bible, viz., Noah's Ark, the Ark in which Moses is supposed 
to have been placed on the River Nile, and the Ark in which 
some of the Symbols of the religion of the Hebrews were 
supposed to have been preserved. What became of this 
latter Ark — if it ever existed — no one knows. Gen. 6, V. 
14-15, etc. 1 Peter 3, V. 20, Hed. 11, V. 7. Ex. 2, V. 3. 
25 V. 10, 37 V. 1. Josh. 3, V. 15. 4 V. 11. 6 V. 11. Cap- 
tured by the Philistiues, 1 Sam. 4 V. 5. 1 Sam. Chap. 6. 

2 Sam. 6, V. 15-24. 1 Chron. 13, V. 15-16. 1 King's 8, 
V, 3. 2 Chron! Chap. 5. 

ASS — See Balaam and his talking ass, also the account 
of Jesus and His Historical attempt to capture Jerusalem 
mounted on an ass, Matt. 21, John 12, V. 14, etc. 

ATHEISM AND ATHEIST— Are terms often applied 
by the Priests to those who do not swallow their concep- 
tion, of a God, and too often unfortunately, foolishly accept- 
ed by some people who ought to have more common sense. 
God is simply a term meaning some power superior to man. 
There is scarcely anyone so presumptious as to say there 
are no beings superior to man that may be in some myster- 
ious manner behind the visible phenomenon. That the 


Bible conception of God is ridiculous is not a sufficient 
reason for any sensible person to call himself an atheist. 
With all due respect to some excellent people who defend 
atheism I absolutely refuse to accept atheism as an ally to 
the philosophical rationalist movement as I understand it. 
Let such people defend themselves, it is no part of my 
business to do so, unless efforts are being made to inflict 
corporal punishment on them, in such cases I would take 
the ground that all the Gods should look after their own 
honor and defend themselves, aud it is no part of my busi- 
ness to defend them. I think what we need is a new God 
or Goddess to suit modern ideas instead of the Jehovah of 
the Jews, something after the type of Nemessis of the 
Greeks. Moreover, the present public excitement is not 
about whether there is or there is not a God, but whether 
we shall continue to worship the God of Abraham, Isaac 
and Jacob, and Him only as the only true and living God, 
which I for one absolutely refuse to do any longer. 

ATONEMENT— The root evil of all forms of priestcraft, 
is based particularly by Christians, on Eom. 3, V. 24. This 
extraordinary turn given was to the death of Jesus, who 
was originally looked upon as the Messiah expected by the 
Jews to make them once more an independent nation. Of 
all human villanies ever perpetrated nothing is more mon- 
strous than the theory that the punishment of one person 
should make atonement for the real or imaginary sins of 
another. This is the greatest confidence game ever invent- 
ed, and the greatest art of the priests for the corruption of 
the human race, for the more crime the more sacrifices. 
Where there is no sin there is no need of a priest, therefore 
it is in the interests of the priest to corrupt the people. In 
good moral rural communities where crime is practically 
unknown, priests invent sins to extract fees from the people 
and that was the origin of the theory of original sin. 


ASS— Num. 22, V. 28. 

BIBLE — A collection of Hebrew Pamphlets of uncertain 
authorship and dates, and full of self-contradictions and in- 
terpolations, and practically of no value from a historical, 
scientific or ethical point of View, and it is only useful as an 
illustration of the credulity of the human race, and how long 
it takes sometimes to discover a fraud. 

BIBLIOLATRY — Not only paralyzes the moral sense, it 
also corrupts the intellect and introduces a crooked logic by 
setting men to the duty of extracting absolute harmony out 
of discordant material. ("Newman's Phases of Faith, P. 101) 

BLASPHEMY — \ sin invented by priestcraft, which 
consists of passing derogatory remarks at what they call 
God. As the priests, including Moses himself, have said 
the most ridiculous things ever said about God, if there are 
really such persons as blasphemers, they are really the chief 
of them. Lev. 24, V.16. Charged against Jesus, Matt, 9, 
V. 3, 26, V. 65. Mark 2, V. 7. Luke 5, V. 21. John 10, 
V. 33. 

CAIN — The first born of Adam and Eve, rejected by God 
because he brought vegetables instead of meat to the Priests 
for sacrifice, Gen. 4, V. 3-5. This story, like a good many 
others, was invented by the priests to scare innocent deluded 
mortals into giving them what they asked for. 

CANAANITES — The original natives of Palestine, said in 
the Bible to be devoted to extermination by Jehovah and 
their land to be given to the Hebrews, Jos. Chap. 14. 

26, V. 29. Lamentations 2, V. 20-21, Chap. 4, V. 10. Deut, 
28, V. 53-57. Jer. 19, V. 9. 11 Kings 6, V. 28-29. John 6. 
V. 53. 

CHRIST— (See Jesus). 

CHRISTIANITY— A mixture of Pagan Philosophy sifted 
through an old rusty Hebrew sieve. In the process of sift- 
ing the Hebrews sieve got broken, and the rusty pieces got 
mixed up with the philosophy, from which it has been im- 
possible to separate it ever since. The only way to reform 
Christianity is to reform it entirely out of existence. It is 
like the Algebraic term X in equations, an unknown quan- 
tity. Sometimes a good man or woman is called a Christian, 
but as the term is often applied also to the vile and vicious, 
the term practically has no meaning at all. 

CIRCUMCISION — Unnatural mutilation to prevent the 
spread of disease caused by promiscuous sexual cohabitation 
of immoral races like the Hebrews and other Semitic tribes. 

COMMANDMENTS— It is claimed by the Churches 


that those ten commandments are the cream of human 
wisdom. In the first place I deny that man ever got any 
command from any being superior to man to worship Him, 
or her, or to keep any day holy, or to prevent him from 
carrying an image to express his ideas. 

CONTRADICTIONS— (Notable in the Bible). The con- 
tradictions in the Bible in the matter of figures and differ- 
ences of expressions are so numerous that a list of them 
would make a large pamphlet, so I will only refer to a few 
of the principal ones, for example, the two genealogies of 
Jesus, Matt. 1, and Luke 3. In these two no two names 
are alike, and in reference to this, the strange point is, that 
a man that had no father should have had a genealogy? 
Four versions of the Tablet said to have been placed above 
Jesus at the crucifixion, Matt. 27, V. 37, Mark 16, V. 25, 
Luke 23, V. 38, John 19, V. 19. In Chron. 21, V. 1, and 
II Sam. 24, V. 1, we are told of a census being taken of the 
Hebrews. In one case we are told that God tempted David 
to do it, and in the other that Satan did it, but the two 
accounts agree that the people were punished for what 
either God or Satan tempted David to do, and in which 
they had nothing to say. In the following passages we are 
told that no man ever saw God, John 1, 18, 1 Tim. 6, V. 16, 
John 6, V. 6, Ex. 33, V. 20. On the other hand we are told 
quite the reverse in the following verses, which give detailed 
accounts of where and when some people saw the same God, 
whom we are told most emphatically in the passages pre- 
viously quoted, no one ever saw — Eq. 24, V. 9-10, Ex. 33, 
22-24, Amos 9, 1, Gen. 26, 2, Ex. 33, 11, Ex. 32. We have 
a very notable contradiction in the teachings attributed to 
Jesus himself. In Luke 24, V. 26, we are told that a man 
must hate his father and mother, wife and children, and 
even his own life, to be a disciple of Jesus, yet in 1 John, 
3-15, we are told that whoever hated his brother is a mur- 
derer and no murderer has eternal life. These ought to be 
sufficient to shew that the Bible is not a correct book. 

IN THE BIBLE— Num. Chap. 31, Sent. 7-18. If the 
fabulous ten plagues supposed to have been upon the Egyp- 
tians, the animals were said to have been plagued as well 
as Pharcah and his people for doing what we are told in 
several passages of Scripture, their hearts were hardened 
to do, so that they could not act otherwise, and to eay the 


least of it, it is a strange conception of God that punishes 
people for what they cannot help. 

DAVID — The man after the Hebrew God's own heart, by 
some he is described as the worst man in history. It is 
hard to say which is the worst one, the record of Moses, 
Joshua or David, judged by a modern humanitarians' con- 
ception of humanity; however particulars of David's villain- 
ies may be found in the following passages of Holy writ : 
II Sam. 12, V. 13 ; 1 Cnron. 20, V. 3 ; 1 Sam. 18, V. 29 ; 
II Sam. V. 2-4. 

flicted under the law which some foolish people to-day claim 
is the book from which we derive our modern ideas and 
liberty. Look up all the following passages and you will 
see how much liberty we would have if we were really under 
the law of Moses, as no doubt many of our clergy would 
bring us if they had their wav. Lev. 20, V. 6 ; Deut. 13, 
V. 1-5; Deut. 13, V. 6-10; Ex. 31, V. 14-15; Num. 15, 
32-65; Num. 9, V. 13! Ex. 12, V. 19; Lev. 7, V. 22-25; Ex. 
30, V. 22-34; Ex. 20, V. 31-38; Lev. 17. V. 89; Lev. 17, V. 
2-5; Num. 4, V. 15; Num. 4, V. 20; Ex. 28, V. 34 to the 
end. Many more passages of the same character might be 
given, but the above are sufficient for our purposes. 

DIVORCE— Deut. 24, V. 1. 

DRINK — (Strong ). Recommended in the Bible, show- 
ing what an unsafe book the Bible is for a text-book for 
temperance propaganda or any other moral reform. Judges 
9, V. 1, Ps. 104, V. 15 ; Prov. 31, V. 6 ; Ecc. 10, V. 19 ; 

Eph. 5, V. 18; 1 Tim. 5, V 23. 


EASTER — A movable holiday to commemorate the 
fictious story of the resurrection of Christ. It is a lunar 
holiday and varies with the phases of the moon and Chris- 
tian dogmas. 

ELIJAH — One of the great prophets of Israel, slays the 
prophets of Baal (I Kings Chap. 18, V. 38). We have 
heard a good deal about Elijah's opinions about the prop- 
hets of Baal. It would be still more interesting to get the 
opinion of the prophets of Baal about Elijah. 

ELISHA — Another of the great prophets of Israel, and 
successor to Elijah." Prays God to send bears to destroy a 


band of little children (II King] Chap. 2 V. 24). When 
Elijah, Elisha's predecessor was last seen he was in com- 
pany with Elisha. When Elisha was next S3en he had 
Elijah's cloak on, and said that Elijah went up to heaven in 
a chariot of fire. This to say the least sounds suspicious, 

EVOLUION — A foolish theory that a great many men 
that ought to have more sense bother themselv3s a great 
deal about. According to this theory all living creatures 
have evolved from the lowest form of life commonly called 
"polly-wogs." Man they have discovered to their own 
satisfaction to have evolved either from the monkey or the 
monkey's brother. The curious thing about this theory is 
that since the dawa of human history no monkey has ever 
been known to evolve into a man. 

FLOOD — (See deluge and accounts in Genesis). This 
whole story is so ridiculous that any comment is superflous. 

GOD — A word which expresses man's idea of some Being 
superior to himself. Different races of mankind have always 
had different conceptions of some beings over and above 
themselves. For a long time the so-called civilized races 
of Europe and America in particular have wasted a great 
deal of valuable time discussing the Hebrew conception of a 
God, which, like the people which invented him, is the 
worst type of a God in all ancient history. Here are a few 
specimens of his transactions with mankind. In Ezekiel 
14, V. 9; I Kings 22, V, 20-23, and II Thess. Chap. 11, V) 
11, we are told that he deceived intentionally the prophets 
and others. He commands Moses to deceive Pharaoh (Ex. 
Chap. 3, V. 18) and Samuel to deceive Saul (I Sam. 16, V. 2, 
In Ex. 31, V. 14 we are told he rested and was refreshed, 
like one of ourselves, and in Gen. Chap. 8, V. 21 we are told 
that he was so much pleased with the flavor of roast beef, 
that he decided not to drown the world any more, and he 
put a rainbow in the sky to remind himself whenever it 
rained of the promise he had made not to drown the world 
any more. 

HYPATHIA — The last of the great pagan philosophers 
put to death by the Christian fanatics. She was murdered 
by a group of fanatical Monks at the Church door in Alex- 
andria in 415. For nearly a thousand years after this, 
Christian superstition reigned supreme over the largest 
parts of Europe, though within 200 years afterwards Ma- 
homet crushed it out almost entirely in Asia and Africa. 


HUMAN SACRIFICES— At one time formed part of the 
Mosaic dispensation, as we see in Leviticus Chap. 27, V. 28- 
29, Numbers 31, V. 28. And levy attribute unto the Lord of 
the men of war which went out to battle, one soul for five 
hundred, both of the persons, and of the beeves, and of the 
asses, and of the sheep — take it of their half and give it 
unto Eliezar the priest for a heave offering unto the Lord. 
Also V. 40, the Lord's tribute of the captive women, 32 
were also sacrifled to the Lord for a heave offering. Not- 
withstanding no devoted thing that a man shall devote unto 
the Lord shall be redeemed; none devoted which shall be 
voted of man shall be redeemed, but shall surely be put to 
death. (See also Abraham, Jepthah and Saul, 11 Sam. 21, 
V. 1, 6, 9, 14). 

IMMORTALITY— Denied in the Bible (see Eccles. Ch. 
3, V. 19). The idea of immortality originated with the 
heathens from which the Hebrews borrowed it. 

JEHOVAH— A synonym for God. 

JERUSALEM— Superstitiously called the "Holy City," 
was always a centre of superstition, fanaticism and crass 
knavery of the worst kind ever known in history. 

JESUS — Taught in parables that he might deceive the 
people (Mark Chap. 4. V. 11-12, John 12, V. 40). See also 
Christ and Christianity. 

JEWS — The Jews are supposed by Tacitus, and other 
ancient historians to have originally come from the Island 
of Crete. The Roman authors generally classified them as 
haters of the rest of the human race. Herodotus does not 
mention them at all by name, but he refers to Assyrians of 
Palestine, which had customs similar to the Colchians and 
the Egyptians, and one time were supposed to be a remnant 
of an Egyptian army that was left behind. One of the stories 
told b/ Tacitus about them was that they were expelled 
out of Egypt on account of some loathsome disease, pro- 
pably leprosy. The sooner we forget them and cease to 
bother ourselves about them, and devote the time so often 
wasted in reading their foolish folk-lore, to other more 
interesting history, the better for ourselves, and probably 
for the Jews also. • 

JERICHO — All destroyed by the Hebrews except Rahab 
the harlot. (Joshua VI., Chap. VI, V. 20). You can try 
your own conclusions from this story. 


JONAH — Was a scolding and a wrathful prophet, who 
was three days and three nights in the belly of a whale, 
which not only being able to hold him any longer, vomitted 
him forth, thereby showing how hard a morsel to digest a 
prophet must be. 

JOSHUA — The successor of Moses, and the extermin- 
ator of the Cananites as the story goes, though for mysel 
I don't believe the Hebrews have ever been able to get the 
upper hand of aay really very strong nation (see Jericho, 
Achan and Eahab. 

LOT — The only just man in Sodom and the cities of the 
Plains, who celebrated his deliverance from destruction by 
fire and brimstone with Sodom by getting beastily drunk 
the night after and cohabiting with his own two daughters 
(see Genesis 19, V. 31). 

MAN — The most intelligent, and also the most stupid of 
all animals. He can build houses, railroads, steamboats, 
paint and carve, but he also is the only aiumal that gets 
drunk and employs a priest. 

MIDIANITES— The people who gave hospitality to 
Moses when he was a fugitive from justice after murdering 
an Egpptian, and repaid their hospitality afterwards by 
murdering them wholesale (see Numbers, Chap. 31). 

MONOTHISM — The cause of all the religious persecu- 
tions of history. When a man makes a dogma of a belief 
in one God, he takes the first step in persecution, for then 
he is liable to quarrel with the other man whose idea 
of the only God may be different from his own. 

MOSES— The ideal man of ancient Hebrews, modern 
Jews and Christians. Accordfng to the Jews he was the 
greatest man that ever lived. According to the Christians he 
was second only to Jesus, who was both God and man. 
For illustrations as to his ideas of war and law see refer- 
ences at war, commandments, death penalty, etc. 

MURDER— Murder commanded by the Bible God and 
his unholy prophets (see Ex. Chap. 11, V. 12-27-32), Num- 
bers 31, V. 7 to 10, Chap. 3», V. 52 to 55. Deut. Chap. 
ll, V. 24 to 34; Chap. 3, V. 3 to 6: Chap. 2, V. 16 and 17. 
Jos. 6, V. 2 to 21; Chap. 12, V. 24. 1 Sam. 15, V. 32-33. 

NOAH — The only just man in the world previous to the 
deluge, got drunk as soon as the flood was over. 

OBSCENE PASSAGES in the Bible not fit to print in 


any other book in our day except God's Holy Word (Gen. 19, 
v. 30 to 38; c. 20, v. 18, c. 25, v. 26, c. 38, v. 9; Ex. 33, v. 23; 
Lev. 12, v. 3: c. 15, v. 16 to 33, c. 18, v. 7; Deut. 23, v. 
1, 1 2 and i3; c. 25, v. 11 and i2; I Sam. 25, v. 22; II Sam. 
n, v. 2 to 3; I Kings i4, v. iO, c. 16, v. n, c 2i. II Kings, 
18, v. 27; Job 40, v. 16 and i7; Songs of Solomon 7, v. i, 2 
and 3; Is. 36, v. i2; Ezek. 4, v. n and i2, c. 16, v. 28 and 
3-:J to 36, c. 23, v. 3; Hos. i, v. 2 and c. 3, v. 2; Eom. i, v . 
26 and 27. 

PAUL — The founder of the Christian plan of salvation, 
who was the original propounder of the theory that Christ's 
death was a sacrifice intended as an atonement for the 
penalty and curse due to the human race on account of 
eating that historical apple in the Garden of Eden by our 
first father and mother (see Atonement.) 

PHAEAOH— King of Egypt, whose heart the God of the 
Hebrews had hardened so that he couldn't do what God 
then wanted him to do, and then punished him for what he 
could not help. You will see the whole of this story in the 
beginning of Exodus. I once heard a Methodist preacher 
declare that Pharaoh defeated God. I then thought that 
this sounded blasphemous, but the Methodists did not seem 
to see it. 

PILATE — The Eoman Governor of Judea at the time of 
Christ, whom he is said to have condemned to death con- 
trary to the Eoman law to please the Jewish priests. 

POLYGAMY — Practiced by bible saints and never con- 
demned in the Old Testament (see Abraham, Jacob and 

POLYTHEI^H — A system of religion much better than 
Monotheism, whereas it allows everyone to worship or not 
worship any God that suits the individual fancy. 

POSITIVEISM— A system of ethical philosophy, which 
concerns itself more with the formation of character than 
discussions of origins and destinies like Christians and so- 
called Scientists who call themselves Evolutionists. 

PEAISrt OB FLATTEEY— Is now offered to God in- 
stead of the smell of roast beef after the priests ate the 
meat, to influence him to do what you wish. The idea 
now is that he will be better pleased with a well trained 
choir and musical instrument than with the smell of roast 
beef. The cause of the change, however, is the introduction 
of money, for now the priests can buy the meat to suit 
himself after you provide the cash. 


PEAGMATISM— A new name for old philosophy of 
of practising and teaching what is useful. 

PEAYEB — In prayer we praise or flatter God, and ex- 
pect in return to get something we would not get unless we 
praised him. 

PSALMS — Spiritual songs in which people sometimes 
indulge in praising their God, and at other times in cursing 
those they don't like (see Psa. 109). 

PEIEST — A religious fakir who pretends that he is the 
agent on earth representing Superior Beings living in other 
worlds, and levies toll on his deluded victims instead of 
waiting for his wages from his employer, as ordinary agents 

PEOPHECIES — We are told that Jesus prophecied the 
destruction of the world in the lifetime of some people then 
living, also he prophecied for the benefit of his followers 
that for-sook their legitimate callings or sold their property 
to put the price in the common purse that they would bye 
and bye receive ten-fold more houses and lands than they 
forsook for his sake. This old world fortunately has not 
yet met with the prophecied catastrophe, and history of the 
early disciples, if their own accounts may be relied upon, is 
that instead of houses and lands, they all ended in martyr- 
dom after being chased round from pillar to post by a people 
who were equally persistent in refusing to listen to their 
story, as they were persistent in telling it (see Matt. 24 
V. 34), etc. 

PEOPHETS — Were sometimes preachers of righteousness 
and denied the usefulness of sacrifice, and therefore were 
not orthodox according to the Mosaic theory, (see Isa. 
Chap. 1 V. 12-17,) etc. 

EAHAH — A harlot, who is said to have betrayed her 
country and was saved when all the rest of the people were 
destroyed. Possibly the story refers to the way in which 
the Jews first got possession of Jerusalem. 

EAINBOW — Said to have been put in the sky by God 
to remind him of his promise made to Noah after smelling 
that savory smell of roast beef that he would destroy the 
world no more by water. 

EOBBEEY— Authorized in the Bible (Gen. Chap. 25, V. 
29-34, Chap. 30, V. 30-43, Ex. Chap. 3, V. 21-22, Chap. 11 
V. 2-3, Chap. 12, V. 35-36). 


REFORMATION — A reactionary movement which went 
back to Hebrew folklore whioh the people were forgetting 
by which the clergy after freeing themselves from the 
supremacy of the Pope of Rome, tormented the people 
with their superstition ten times worse than they were be- 
fore, ultimately ending in great civil war all over Europe, 
particularly in Germany, where we are told the different 
factions carried on the work of exterminating each other to 
such an extent that the population of Germany was reduced 
in thirty years from 30,000,000 to 12,000,000; it took Ger- 
many from the time of Luther to the Franco-German war 
in 1870 to recover her old place in Europe which she has 
lost as a consequence of the murdering mania which fol- 
lowed the reformation. It was the same sad story all over 
Europe, and it was only as the people commenced to get 
their eyes open to see the absurdity of all this about Jewish 
folklore, and began to lose faith in the Bible that people be- 
gan to come to their senses. They are carrying their work 
on now in a milder way, they don't hit you with a club, or 
cut your head off for not believing all the foolish stories of 
the Bible, but they try in many ways to injure the wordly 
prospect of those who announce their disbelief in the Jewish 

RENAISSANCE — The revival of classical pagan philoso- 
phy which occurred simultaneously with so-called Protes- 
tant reformation. In the opinion of many great thinkers, 
the influence of the renaissance for good was much greater 
than that of the reformation. Indeed, Roman Catholics are 
not the only people who believe that Protestant reformation 
was rather a reactionary than a progressive movement. 

REVELATION— This title is often given to the ravings 
of Hebrew fakirs and fanatics, and attributed to God, and 
in fact it is claimed that this was the only revelation that 
God ever gave to man. 

SABBATH LAWS— Death penalty for trifling offences 
(see Num. Chap. 15, V. 32-37). 

SAMUEL — One of the great prophets of Israel, murders 
the captive King with his own hands, and prophecies cala- 
mities to befall Saul because he acted less cruelly than the 
bloody prophet would have him to. (Sam. 1, Chap. 13, V. 
13, and Cnap. 15, V. 16). 


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5. A Pagan's Confession of Faith in 39 Propositions. 
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Mur-i-ay's Eye-Opener No. 5 


"' We must crush France so that she 
can never again come across our path." 

■ — Bernardrs noxt War, Page 106 

The War 
With the Germans 


Why the British Empire and Allies are 
now fighting the Germans, and why 
the Germans must get their periodical 
discipline from their neighbors. 



Norman Murray, 233 St. James Street 

Montreal, Canada ush f. r. 125 

4<yyi> t ^ u ^ 




I got quite a lot of criticism about Part I. However, I 
am not complaining. Though I got no notice from any local 
paper without paying for it except from "Beck's Weekly" 
over 1200 were disposed of in about five weeks, and by the 
time the Second Part is off the press, I expect a second edition 
of another 2000 of Part I will be required. There were several 
mistakes in the first edition, I know, but the mistakes were 
not mine. People who were educated on the other side of 
the Atlantic are more particular about the use of capitals 
than some who go through Canadian schools. As the matter 
was mostly dictated the mistakes in capitals and spelling were 
not mine, but I confess that I am not the most careful of proof 
readers myself. I am half inclined to think that some mistakes 
were intentional, such as putting three R's in my name, and 
topics instead of "to pieces." However, it does not matter 
much. There were no mistakes about the ideas intended to 
be conveyed. I think I made them clear enough. Some 
people were curious to know what attitude I would take about 
this War. It surprised me to find any doubt about that. No 
radical revolutionist that I know of outside of Germany would 
look to German world supremacy for solution of modern 
problems — unless some crazy socialists. 

Then some people objected to the Bible quotation and 
illustration on the last page. Let me tell such people once for 
all that as long as they continue to distribute indiscriminately 
a text-book on religion, in which I maintain there are many 
texts harmful to humanity, I will continue my methods. Let 
them revise their text-book if they want peace. I am a pagan, 
and I discuss this War from a pagan humanitarian point of 
view. I consider my philosophy better mental food than 
their theology. Christianity is like "X" in Equations in 
Algebra, its value is uncertain and remains to be found out. 
It has too much of a Jekyll and Hyde character, the same person 
is. sometimes a philanthropist, and at other times a villain. 
I am like the Scotch boy that his mother sent for milk with 


two pails, so that the milkman could put the milk in one pail 
and the water in the other so that they could mix it themselves. 
Christian theology is too mixed and confused to be of any 
practical value in such a busy world as we live in to-day. We 
need a philosophy of life that is all good; we have enough 
badness in our own temperament already without needing 
any more in a text-book that we were all told in advance to 
be all good. We know better now, we know it contains some 
very good matter, some very bad matter, and some indifferent 
matter so let us throw out the bad matter no matter where 
itjs found, and retain only the good. 

Norman Murray. 


"BRITANNICAE INSULAE, a term used by ancient 
writers previous to Caesar for the British Isles, including 
Albion (England and Scotland), and Hibernia or Ierne (Ireland), 
with the smaller isles around them. Aristotle, in the beginning 
of the 3d c.B.C, knew only of Albion and Ierne. Caesar, 
about 54 B.C., was the first to apply the name of Britannia 
to Albion. Ptolemy, in the 2d c. A.D., is the first to apply 
Little Britain to Ierne or Ireland, and Great Britain to Albion 
or England and Scotland. Herodotus, in the 5th. c. B.C., is 
the first writer to mention Britain with any sort of definiteness, 
previous Greek writers speak of Britain only in connection 
with the Phoenician tin trade carried on with the Cassiterides 
or Tin Isles (the Scilly Isles and Cornwall), which they often 
confound with the Azores. The Phoenician trade with the 
British Isles began about 1000 B.C., the Phoenicians giving 
the native Britons salt, skins and bronze vessels in exchange 
for tin and lead. Ptolemy enumerates 52 different Celtic or 
Gaelic tribes as inhabiting Britain in his time." 

(Chambers's Encyclopaedia) 

NOTE: — The area of the British Isles is 120,000 square miles; of this England occupies 50,000 
or a little more than one-third of the whole. Industrial conditions drew the Celtic people to 
the Lowlands so that though the district called England has a larger population than the other 
parts the majority of the people are not of the Anglo-Saxon or German race. 




"We shall crush France so that she will never again come 
across our path" 

(General Bernhardt s Germany and the Next War, P. 106) 


And shall Trelawney die! 
Then 30,000 Cornishmen 
Will know the reason why 
And shall the brutal Germans 
Belgium and France destroy, 
Then, 800,000,000 Allies 
Shall know the reason why 
And our good old Uncle Sam 
Will be surely standing by. 

General Bernhardi, Prof. Trietschke and the whole staff of 
modern German instructors, have been working industriously 
for many years to mould German public opinion into a uniform 
shape. According to them the Germans were the greatest 
people in the world, but they were surrounded as they have 
been since they appeared in history by hostile barriers. They 
had no colonies to speak of, and all the places worth while on 
the Globe's surface had been occupied by other races, where 
German kulture and the German language had no official 
standing. It was not enough for them that they could trade 
freely with other people and settle among other people, they 
must also have their own form of Government where they 
may have a paternal Government, which other races do not 
want to supervise and instruct them in everything. Liberty, 
Equality, Fraternity they don't want. Self-confidence and 
individuality they never possess without leaders to direct them. 
The Prussian citizen is the most servile to his superior, and the 
most arrogant to his subordinates of all types of character 
that we know of. In other countries — particularly France, 
the British Empire and Russia there are people who want 
more liberty and fewer laws, while the Germans want more 
guidance and despotic rule over them. 


A little while before this great War started there was some 
difference of opinion between the lower classes and the upper 
and military classes as to the form this paternal Government 
should continue to take. The workingmen were gradually 
becoming inclined towards the socialistic system of Govern- 
ment, by which it is proposed that the destiny of the country 
shall be controlled by the working class. The military classes 
on the other hand naturally wanted to keep power in their 
own hands. There are some who think that the signs of the 
internal troubles might have had something to do with bringing 
on the War at this time so as to avoid or postpone this clash 
between the classes and the masses. The German governing 
classes got the extraordinary idea into their heads that the 
absence of paternal government in such countries as the British 
Colonies was a sign of weakness, and lack of solidarity between 
the different parts of the Empire. In this as in many other 
cases the German mind calculated wrongly. German rule 
would be the last resort that any sane thinking man in any of 
the British Colonies would think of accepting as a solution of 
any colonial problems. 



One of the factors of modern civilization is the cheap 
newspapers and books by which propaganda is being made 
that sometimes works both ways. It is extremely doubtful 
if Bernhardi ever stopped to calculate the possibility of his 
famous book being used as evidence against German intrigue 
and conspiracy against human liberty. Not very long ago 
when the inside of the Churches was utilized for preaching 
theology, and the open square in front of the Churches was 
used after a sermon for political speeches, people at a distance 
might be taken by surprise and not be aware until the enemy 
was on his way towards their gates that hostile movements 
against them were premeditated against them. Things are 
now entirely different. In playing draughts it is as important 
to study the possible movement that your own move may 
enable your opponent to make afterwards as to figure on the 


first gain that you can make by your own move. In the 
introduction to his book" Germany and the next War " Bernhardi 
says: that the Germans are born business men more than any 
other in the world. This is one of the many great delusions 
that have obsessed the German mind in recent years. There 
is a group of little islands not much more than two hours' sail 
by a fast steamer from the nearest German seaport. The area 
of the whole group is smaller than the Prussian part of Germany, 
and not much more than half the area of Germany, exclusive 
of the German part of Austria. After laying the foundation 
of the Great Republic now called the United States of America — 
which has now a population almost as large as Germany and 
Austro-Hungary together, they still control and direct the 
destinies of one-fourth of the human race. The headquarters 
at home get more than three-fourths of their livelihood from 
trade and commerce, as they do not raise more food at home 
than would feed them for three months in the year. Personally 
I do not consider this condition as the ideal state of society, 
as I believe that every State ought to develop their own agri- 
culture to its fullest extent before depending on outside sources 
for their foods. However, that is another question. I am 
now only combating the fallacy of our friend, Bernhardi's 
method of reasoning, which has evidently led many of his 
countrymen astray. We come across many individuals in 
business and many nations in history whose prosperity are of 
very short duration. In the former part of this study of the 
Germans I have pointed out several instances of this among 
the Germans. No other country in Europe has such a record 
for ebbs and flows like the waves of the sea — which cannot rest. 
They never seem to know when they are well off. Tacitus, the 
famous Roman historian, says that one of the chief vices of 
the Germans was that they were so addicted to gambling. 
He said that people were known to have sold themselves as 
"stakes" for gambling purposes. We will refer to this matter 
again when we come to analyze Bernhardi's very interesting 
Chapter on "World Power, or Downfall" — We will see after 
the War, which Bernhardi worked so hard to bring about, 
whether German trade will continue to be as prosperous as it 
was before this wicked War was brought about. Personally, 
the downfall or misfortune of any nation or individual is not 


a cause for any rejoicing for me. I still believe there is room 
enough on this planet for all the peoples and nations that are 
on it, without destroying imaginary competitors. I would 
have much preferred that Germany and the Germans would 
have continued to prosper as they were doing during the last 
forty years, than that they should have chosen a policy of 
hostility towards so many people who had no quarrel whatever 
with them till they started to pick quarrels themselves. War 
at the best is only a necessary evil, and no sane man with any 
humanitarian ideas will approve of war, except in self-defence. 
Further on in opposition to the pacificists of his own country 
he maintains that their victorious Wars had never disturbed 
their business. I am not a prophet, nor a son of a prophet, 
but if Bernhardi and myself will live a little while after this 
wicked War is over, I think he will find that there will be a 
long time before German trade and commerce will come up 
again to the standard of the early part of 1914. They will 
find things quite different now from what they were in 1871, 
after their War with France was over. Germans were not the 
only people then that considered they were quite justified in 
the War of 1870. That Napoleon III, himself did not wait 
to be punished by the French people in 1870, goes to prove 
that even the French people themselves did not blame the 
Prussians as much as their own evil-advisers for that War, 
so that the trade even between them was renewed shortly 
after the War. It will be quite different this time. Germany 
was the aggressor on this occasion. This War was more 
barbarous than any war in ancient or modern times, with the 
exception of the extermination of the Canaanites by the ancient 
Hebrews — if the story told about it is true, and the whole 
blame lies at the door of the whole German people. The 
pacificists among them at home and abroad were so few in 
number that they are really a negligible quantity. I will 
admit that the best work on the horrors of war called the 
" Human Slaughter House" was written by a German. He 
did not get much thanks from the German people, however, 
for his efforts, to keep them quiet. I understand that he 
lost his situation in the teaching profession as a consequence. 
It has also been stated that he was again reinstated. 

Bernhardi deplores the fact that his country is surrounded 


by hostile rivals, and considers his countrymen only newcomers 
that have for centuries only been paramount in the realm of 
intellect. This is another fabrication made out of whole cloth. 
The Germans are not a new people, nor an old nation renewed 
and coming into a new light like the Japanese. Their race is 
as old in Europe as the Celt, Slav and Latin. They have never 
been paramount in the realm of intellect for any length of time. 
They have never been discoverers of new countries and their 
great men in the realm of intellect can be counted on the fingers 
of one hand. The only great invention to their credit is the 
art of printing. Copernicus the famous astronomer was a Pole. 
Goethe, Lessing, Kant, Strauss and Shopenhaur were certainly 
great men. The new men that some considered great, such as 
Haeckel, Carl Marx and Nietzsche, I do not consider great. 

The German tribes, Angles, Saxons and Jutes, that 
invaded Britain at the end of the Fifth Century, brought 
neither literature nor civilization with them, as the Romans 
before them and the Normans after them. After nearly 600 
years of bloody strife with the natives of Britain till the Nor- 
mans came and took the conceit out of them, no progress 
whatever was made in literature or art in the British Isles. 
The place that the British Empire fills in the world to-day is 
certainly not due to the German blood in the British races. 
In my opinion that blood has always been the alloy in the 
gold and silver. A little alloy may be useful as a mixture, 
but it is not the alloy that gives the coin the value. What 
has become of the native stock of what is now called England 
I have never been able to find out to my satisfaction. I 
suspect a great deal has happened them like what has happened 
in Belgium lately — many were massacred, many went to 
Armorica, some more defended themselves against great odds 
in the Mountains of Wales and the West of Scotland. What 
happened in Ireland we are only now beginning to find out — 
after we made an impartial research in history for ourselves. 
So the less we hear now of Angles, Saxons, Jutes or any other 
breed of German, ancient or modern, as pioneers of civilization, 
the better. 

Anyone that aspires to culture and looks for ancient 
models, certainly does not go to the Archives of Berlin or 
Potsdam for it. He will be much more likely to get polished 


up by reading the letters of Cicero, Plutarch's Lives, Carsar's 
Commentaries, Seneca, Socrates, Aristotle, etc., than by reading 
sketches of the doings of the followers of Attilla. A butcher 
and a hangman may be useful servants in civilized communities, 
but they are in a different class from our policemen, whose 
presence always is supposed to make for order and good be- 

We have now the whole of the Slav Races, the whole of 
the Celtic Races, and such of the old German stock as we have 
assimilated with our gold and silver Celt and Norman stock, 
fighting the original brand near their old haunts. Their feuds 
with the Belgians, history tells us, dates back to the time of 
Julius Caesar, and we have no means now of knowing how 
much farther back their feuds went, in unwritten history. 
We do not wish to crush them so that they will never more 
come across our path, as Bernhardi proposed to do with the 
French; we only wish to tame them. When tamed and under 
careful management they can be made very useful citizens. 
Dragooned by the class of William the Mystic, a Carl Marx, a 
Nietzsche, a Haeckel, a Bernhardi, or a Trietschke, they have 
proved themselves a menace to civilization. Benhardi *says 
further in his introduction to his extraordinary book — that 
"Providence has set a future before the German people as 
the greatest civilized people known in history." The Gods 
save us from more samples of German kulture like what we 
have experienced from the beginning of August to the end of 
November, 1914 — is all that I have to say on that topic, and 
that finishes my comments on Bernhardi's introduction to his 
book "Germany and the next War." — 


The Right and Duty to make War. 

Bernhardi devotes two Chapters of his book to this topic. 
Napoleon called armies in battle array "A Grand Spectacle." 
For me it is an unfortunate sight. As I told a socialist friend 
not very long ago: it is a good thing that everyone is not like 
you and I, for if they were we would be all under the iron heel 


of the Germans in a few weeks. He admitted the justice of 
the remarks. I would rather work with Sir Edward Grey in 
his noble and persevering efforts in doing my utmost to avoid 
war than to go to the front if I were able to conquer all the 
Germans alone. I could not stand the sight of the killed and 
wounded and dying. It would make me sick., I would be 
no use as a Doctor, as I could not use the saw to cut a man's 
leg to save his life. I would make a poor bailiff, for I would 
not have the heart to sell a poor man's household goods to get 
back what might be owing to myself or others. I would rather 
patch over my old pair of pants. I would much rather keep 
animals as pets than to get a whole country with lots of game 
and game-keepers and hounds to chase and kill grouse and deer. 
My early experiences with such types has converted me into 
a life long revolutionist of the French school — though I would 
rather accomplish the same object by more humane methods 
than they have unfortunately adopted for the lasting success 
of the revolution which Voltaire has done so much to bring 

Hunting scandal in the lives of the clergy, and prominent 
laymen, as many so-called freethinkers of the tough school 
seem to delight in, gives me no pleasure whatever. I would 
rather help to make a little child or an old woman happy, than 
have a hand in the slaughter of a thousand Germans — much as 
I detest them. 

If I were a millionaire I would give a pension for life to 
that Montreal policeman who once refused to shoot the dogs 
that were once found wandering without owners in the City. 
He said he went on the Force to help to keep order in the City, 
not to kill dogs. He left that job for others to do. His name 
may not have got down to fame, but if his eye ever gets on 
this passage he will know that his noble stand was not forgotten. 
I would rather stop a dog or a man fight than encourage it. 
Debate and verbal arguments conducted in a friendly way 
makes for mental development, but all sorts' of compulsion 
ought to be discouraged, except as a preventative to crime. 

Bernhardi quotes from Goethe: "To supplant or be sup- 
planted is the essence of life. The weaker succumb." I deny 
all this rotten evolutionist philosophy, whether it originates 
with Darwin, Haeckel or any other tough, hard-shell animal 


on two legs called "man." Nearly two thousand years ago 
Juvenal, the famous Roman Satirist, pointed out the rotten- 
ness of this theory. Man is the only animal that preys on his 
own kind, with the exception of perhaps of a hungry pack o£ 
wolves. I have known starving rats eat other rats but that 
is not a normal state with rats. A strong man is much more 
profitably employed planting potatoes and cabbages, and 
herding sheep and cattle, and fishing for himself, than in 
knocking down a weaker neighbour and robbing him of his 

I know of course that under so-called civilization many 
poor and ignorant people are indirectly robbed of the fruit of 
their labor by intrigue and knavery. 

Labor and activity however is as necessary for man's 
health and strength as food and clothing. Many make a 
big mistake in imagining that life would be more enjoyable 
if they did not have to work. Many labouring people foolishly 
imagine that their life is really harder in comparison to those 
who live by their wits than those who live by the labor of the 
hands. These people have not the faintest idea the mental 
strain the clever lawyer pleading a hard case, the judge sitting 
on the Bench, the parliamentarian struggling for popularity, 
or the writer writing fiction for a living, or the journalist, has 
to endure. Many well meaning meddlers in the affairs of the 
poorer class of people do more harm than good in many cases. 
Many of the poorer people if they are not in actual want or 
distress, do not feel their own position at all half so hopeless 
or so deplorable as the well-meaning, idle so-called social 
reformers from the upper classes that visit them imagine. 
They have never known the so-called comforts and modern 
conveniences and nick-nacks that the more wealthy classes 
of the community think so indispensable. I know for a fact 
that the visits of these afternoon visitors are more annoying 
than agreeable to these people. , Most people have connections 
their own through the churches and other organizations, and 
those of them who are altogether helpless and in need of 
assistance will as a rule look out for assistance themselves 
without waiting for the visits of the everlasting meddler. 



Our generation is cursed with "faddists" — one of the most 
mischievous is the universal compulsory education faddist. 
One of the many problems of modern Germany, as well as 
other countries, is the compulsory education fad. A well 
known authority states that while there are many idle in 
Germany, as well as France, and our own countries, looking 
for soft jobs as clerks, manual labor, for putting down and 
taking up the crops and other very necessary labor, have been 
called in from the less educated population of Russia and the 
Balkans, as we have in Montreal to employ Italian labor 
repairing the streets and laying down pipes, while many of 
our own people with good education may be found looking 
for help at the various charity institutions. Any kind of an 
education that leads people to neglect their crops, their fences, 
their sheep, and their cattle, is more of a curse than a blessing 
to the people. I have seen the evil effects of this in my own 
native Highlands and right here in Montreal. Where you 
could see a crofter 60 years ago with ten head of cattle, 100 
sheep and 2 horses, and oats, barley and potatoes enough 
and to spare for the family, you will see now two cows, possibly 
10 sheep, one horse, and you may often see the little tea-pot 
at the fireside, instead of the big pot of fish or boiled beef and 
barley broth of the olden times. In Montreal, very often a 
woman of the old type wears herself out keeping a boarding- 
house and getting into debt while running up board bills for 
a lot of lazy loafers waiting for their turn to get a soft job in 
the C.P.R. or G.T.R. offices, when they should have been up 
at seven o'clock in the morning with a pick and shovel, as their 
fathers before them started early to feed their cattle. Edu- 
cation is all right, like everything else, in its place, and those 
who have bright minds ought certainly to be encouraged in 
every possible way, but this Utopian idea of bringing on the 
millennium by dragooning all the children of the community 
from the poorest to the richest to the public school is a nuisance 
to the community. The world will not go on, and there will be 
no civilization without rough manual labor and rough and strong 
men to do it, but any kind of an education that develops a 
character, when a healthy strong young man will rather starve 


or run up a board bill on a poor widow, than take a pick and 
shovel, is a curse and a nuisance to any community that 
encourages it. School education is not an indispensable 
qualification for the human race, but food and clothing and 
houses are absolute necessities, and therefore the first and 
most useful step in the education of the people is to teach them 
to look to the soil and the sea in the first place for a living. 
This fad is at the bottom of the present infernal War. Even 
in Germany the country has been neglected and the people have 
been drafted to the cities in thousands, to manufacture cheap 
toys, and other useless and frivolous nick-nacks. With the 
indemnity they squeezed out of France after the War of 1870, 
they started to develop this industry with an energy worthy 
of a more noble cause. This industry has been a useful source 
of taxation for the German military party. I remember the 
time when fathers, brothers and cousins made home toys for 
the little boys and girls that were just as serviceable and useful, 
and much more appreciated, because they were made for them 
by loving hands, than any toys imported from Berlin. So I 
hope after this War is over that mankind will learn sense and 
humanity and come down to solid bottom and not be chasing 
Will o' the wisps as they have been for many years past. In 
my native Highlands the people have been deprived of their 
own land which was made sporting preserves for hunting deer, 
for sport for brutal Southern tea importers and Chinese opium 
trade fiends. If some people only knew what I know they 
would not be half so surprised at my revolutionary ideas as 
some of them are now. It is a long lane however that has no 
turning, and some people will soon find out that those who 
were like voices crying in the wilderness for some years past, 
had some good reasons for their propaganda. In our own 
Canada there is far too much interference by other people with 
our French population. When I came to Canada in 1881, some 
of my first fellow-workers were French Canadians. They were 
good workers and jolly good fellows to work with. I started 
to learn their language. I stayed in their houses in my travels. 
When they started at family prayers I would go on my knees 
with them. When they said their prayers, I said my own. 
They told me on several occasions that I need not mind their 
prayers or take part if I did not like. I heard them say the 


''Hail Mary" in their camps on Sunday, and I got used to it, 
and I would be the last man in the world to deprive them of 
any comforts or enjoyment they got out of it. Of course I 
protested at their decorating the post-office at the Eucharistic 
Congress, which obliged me to walk under Papal colors when 
going to buy my stamps or post my mail. I also objected to 
their blocking the streets with their processions and blocking 
my way and I would do it again if the occasion arose, but as 
long as they don't block my way and behave themselves as 
they do when working together in the bush and on the railroad, 
they can have processions as long as from here to Toronto as 
long as there is a place for me to cross when they come across 
my path. I would be sorry to say like Bernhardi said about 
his French neighbors, that "he wished to put them where 
they would never come across his path again." Anyone who 
talks like that, talks like a fiend, and not like a man of any 
kind — much less like a civilized man. For me, that sentence 
alone would set me thinking, that a nation across any country' 
border with such sentiments was a danger and menace to th 
peace of Europe, and though I am not a man that can wield 
the sword myself, the die is cast and I propose to make war on 
these people till they learn to be civil, as the Highlanders said 
about the Civil Engineers "If she don't be civil we will make 
civil." When the virtue of civility was divided among the 
human races, I think the German race got the smallest share 
of it of any race that I know. Water will find its own level if 
you let it alone. Mankind will find their own proper places 
if they are not too much interfered with by the everlasting 
faddists and inter-meddlers. What we need is to teach the 
people — and this can be done without Bibles or Catechisms, — 
to live peaceably and on friendly terms with their neighbours, 
so that they will require fewer laws and lawyers, fewer jails 
and jailers, fewer policemen and missionaries. 


Among the many unjust, unreasonable and uncalled for 
remarks of Bernhardi is that "The late King Edward introduced 
a policy of isolation against Germany." The spirit of the 
British people for many years has been that of absolute freedom 


of commerce for all comers. Unfortunately for the Germans 
they have been once too often judging other people by them- 
selves. They did not know when they were well off. Jealousy 
and envy originated in their own diseased brains. I sometimes 
think from the way some of them talk and write, that they 
must be troubled with " worms/ ' The fact that they got so 
much trade in British Colonies from British people showed 
that no one thought of isolating them till they suggested it 
themselves. They have been swilling too much in what 
Carlyle in his own characteristic way called " swine philosophy." 
They could not understand the free and easy way of doing 
things under British rule. If they had control they would keep 
all the " swill" for themselves. This is where the shoe pinches. 
They will be wiser after this War is over. There were many 
periods in German history when they were a very tame people — 
during the first part of the Napoleonic regime, for example. 
They will be quite tame and harmless for a long time after 
this War is over. They will learn a much needed lesson. 

They remind me of a little boy — the pet of his grand- 
mother — I knew a good many years ago. He was sitting 
alongside the peat fire in the morning; it was in the winter 
time. Milk was very scarce, and all the milk the good old 
lady got from the only cow that had any milk was about a 
tea cup, so she gave it to the boy in a bowl that was not half 
full. -I was watching; he started to grumble, and was looking 
at the bowl with a little milk in the bottom of it, and from 
growling and grumbling he started to kick. He was a boy of 
very little faith, he wouldn't believe his grandma that that 
was all the milk there was, so he kept kicking till he finally 
upset the bowl with all the milk that was in it. I shall never 
forget the look on this little boy's face when he saw the result 
of his own hoggishness. There is a good many years since, 
and if he is still living he is likely to be a big man and I would 
walk quite a piece to see him and remind him of this story of 
which I don't believe he has any recollection, or the faintest 
idea that I had made a study of it. This is what will happen 
the Germans after this War is over. They were not satisfied 
with the amount of milk that was already in their bowl, so 
they wanted more and started kicking ; they not only are going 


upset the bowl with all the milk, but they are very likely to 
break the bowl itself into the bargain. 

Bernhardi says that, "The acts of a state cannot be the 
standard of individual morality." Why should this be so? 
If a state is composed of individuals of a high moral standard, 
the acts of that state will be in accordance with the character 
of the individuals who compose it. It is sometimes said that 
a large company or corporation has no soul. A state, cor- 
poration or society, acts just in accordance with the real 
character of the individuals which compose it. Sometimes 
indeed, large financial interests steal a march on the people 
and get the state entangled, and do things that the people 
disapprove of. The opium trade pressed on China by the 
British, is a case in point. The British people would never 
sanction such an outrage if their opinion was asked for about 
it. That it has been allowed so long without a storm of protest 
showed a sleeping conscience and lack of proper leaders to 
represent the real sentiment of the people. The long struggle 
to keep Russia from the Mediterranean by backing up Turkey 
as a buffer state between ourselves and Russia, was a wicked 
policy like the wrong repression of the native Irish under the 
rule of an alien race. 

Bernhardi holds that the individual should willingly sacrifice 
himself for the good of the state; this theory I also repudiate 
most emphatically. Individuals form themselves into a state 
for self -protection and co-operation. The policy of the state 
should be the good of all the members. " When individuals 
volunteer to fight for the state they are fighting for their own 
interests, they are not fighting for the state at the sacrifice of 
their own interests; they are only co-operating to do their 
just share of the common duty involved on all loyal citizens. 
Loyalty to the state and individual interests should go together. 
In no case should one citizen be sacrificed exclusively for the 
benefit of others. When a murderer is hanged, or a thief put 
in jail he is suffering for his own faults, and the suffering which 
the wicked have to endure naturally helps to preserve the state 
In no case should the innocent suffer for the good of others. 

Bernhardi says that the massacres and burnings in war 
should not be considered. In civilized war noncombatants 
should be safe from injury as far as any direct attack on them 


is concerned. Soldiers are paid for the time they are in actual 
war, and if they are wounded they ought to get a pension for 
life afterwards. Those who have been dependent upon them 
should be provided for if they are killed in battle. The soldier 
knows he runs the risk of being killed, so does the sailor and the 
railroad employee. 

Bernhardi says that "The life of the individual is valuable 
only when it is consciously and actively employed for the 
attainment of great ends." This is a fair specimen of German 
culture. It is not culture in any sense of the word. The life 
of the insane, the little child playing with toys, and the old 
men and women in their dottage is as sacred in civilized com- 
munities as the life of a cavalry officer and general ahd much 
more valuable than the life of a mischief-maker like Bernhardi. 
Nothing has ever been found in the writings of the wildest 
nihilist or anarchist more dangerous to society than the ideas 
inculcated by Bernhardi. No wonder anarchists are after such 
people. Any government that sanctions such propaganda 
among ignorant people is sure to get into trouble sooner or later. 
Only ignorant people would receive such ideas without protest. 
That there was no protest in Germany against the spread of 
such ideas shows how low in civilization they have sunk. Their 
civilization is only a gold ring in a sow's snout. 

Bernhardi says, that "The German element in stilled life 
into other nations." Quite true, but it is only in the sense 
that war for the abolition of slavery put new life into the people 
in the United States. When people live near a swamp they 
have to drain it for self -protection. The German spirit in 
the north of Ireland wakened the natives to the danger to their 
lives and property, the aliens of Ulster were, therefore they 
woke up and are all the better for it now. Good sometimes 
comes out of evil as we are told in the story of Joseph, that he 
saved the lives of the cruel brethren that sold him to the 
Egyptians. Germans are welcome to all the glory that they 
can get out of the good that came out of their oppressions of 
other people. 

The Highland Clearances by wicked landlords may end 
in some good some day, but we cannot love the landlords 
because Providence over-ruled the bad deeds for good after- 


Bernhardi admits that Germany remained excluded from 
the great colonizing movement of other races since she wasted 
her forces in ecclesiastical disputes and religious wars. That 
is exactly what happened. Any nation that commits national 
suicide by Civil Wars about religion are not worthy of a place 
among the colonizers of new countries. Germany will never 
get a certificate of good moral character until she gets new blood 
into her, she can only get new blood by her people being 
scattered among more humane people. They are too much of a 
menace to themselves and others to be encouraged by other 
countries to build up a strong German Empire. The leopard 
cannot change his spots, or the Ethiopian his skin. By nature 
they are callous. It takes them too long to repent when they 
do wrong. There have been troubles among all other races, 
but Germany is the only country in Europe that took thirty 
years to find out that they were ruining themselves by their 
cruelty and folly. What would have happened to Germany 
only for the interference of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden 
and Cardinal Richelieu of France, it is hard to say. The 
Protestant north and the Catholic south were equally guilty 
in this matter. From the evidence now coming to hand it 
appears that the Protestant north is more wicked than the 
Catholic south of Germany. We have not got all the evidence 
yet. When the War is over there will be a long reckoning and 

Bernhardi says that: "The greatness of the German nation 
is rooted exclusively in Protestantism." Bernhardi is welcome 
to all the glory that remains after the present War is over. The 
greatness of the British Empire and her Allies is based on the 
equal loyalty of all her citizens, Protestants, Catholics, Moham- 
medans and pagans. It is strange that such a statemtnt should 
go unchallenged among the German people. It is not true 
that Protestants are in any sense better people than Catholics. 
Their difference in religion is largely owing to difference in 
racial temperament. The more emotional races to whom the 
Catholic brand of Christianity appeals are much more forgiving 
in their nature than the more callous, ruder races, to whom 
Protestantism appeals. Ignorant people have often too much 
to say in laying down the Protestant programme, while the 
Catholics talk less and practice their religion more. When I 


was writing against the Catholic branch I stayed with Catholic 
families. I would like to hear of any anti-Protestant pro- 
pagandist living in peace in an Ulster Protestant house. There 
is too much Moses and Joshua and David in the Protestant 
religion. There are many more beautiful emblems in the 
Catholic branch — such as the mother and child — than in the 
cruder forms of Protestantism. 

Bernhardi deplores that both the mouth and the source 
of the Rhine which he calls a German stream., are both outside 
of Germany. Probably the programme before this War 
started was to include the Rhine from its source to its mouth 
in the boundaries of Germany. As the Rhine starts in Switzer- 
land and gets to the sea in Holland, both of these countries 
ought to take a hint that the fate of Belgium also awaits them 
if Germany ever gets strong enough to be able to gobble them 
up without interference. Germans have a blundering habit 
of warning other people of their intentions in advance. Kind 
nature attached a rattle to the rattle-snake. 


Bernhardi says: "We must make it quite clear to ourselves 
that there can be no standing still, no being satisfied for us, 
but only progress or retrogression, and that it is tantamount 
to retrogression when we are contended with our present place 
among the nations of Europe." That is the milk in the cocoa- 
nut. This is pure unadulterated, selfish, arrogant aristocratic 
ambition. Selfishness always betrays itself. No nation can 
come on another like a thief in the night in these times. Ger- 
many is a dangerous neighbour. The character of the German 
people has more of the germ of pure cursed callousness in their 
blood than any other race; shear delight in slaughter, first of 
animals, then of human beings. The conduct of Germany in 
Belgium during the present War will put a black mark against 
the German character that can never be blotted out of history. 
There is now a large proportion of a prosperous nation of seven 
million people living on the charity of other nations and 
Germans abroad do not seem to have the least shame about it. 
Those of them who have been living in other countries at war 
with their Mother country had to be rounded up fov fear that 


the contagion of destruction that possessed their countrymen 
at home would exhibit itself in acts of outrage on their neigh- 
bors, where they have received hospitality for many years. 
If any other nation had behaved in the same brutal manner, 
some of their people would have acted with other people in 
protesting against such inhuman conduct, yet in the United 
States where they have full liberty of expression, they have 
proved themselves guilty by their conduct of being equally 
guilty with their countrymen at home. Their plans have been 
completely exposed by their own evidence. They started to 
destroy Belgium on their road to Paris, as they foolishly 
imagined they were sure to get there, then after plundering 
France they were going to plunder the British Isles in the 
same way. And this is what is now called "German 
Kulture" which is becoming a by- word of contempt among 
all civilized people. 


That Goths, Huns and Vandals 
Were robbers we all know — 
Now we know they're liars 
Of the worst type also. 
You may guard against a robber 
And you may lock up a thief — 
But of all kinds of villains 
A liar is the chief. 

Going Back to Cannibalism. 

If there are any types in human history that I detest 
more than Moses, Joshua and David, they are Charles Darwin, 
Ernest Haeckel and Nietzsche's German idea of the Superman. 
Since I discarded Christianity, various types of faddists have 
been bidding for my support; such as Protectionists in trade, 
Spiritualists, Anarchists, Socialists, Suffragettes, Atheists, 
Monists, Evolutionists, Christian Scientists, etc., etc. 

To all such I have only one answer, viz: that I did not 
drop one superstition to bind • myself by another one. My 
idea of the Superman is the man or woman who tries to lift 
up the weak, the fallen or the unfortunate and not the one 
who crushes the other in life or business. 

The first article in my creed is liberty for myself and others 


to work out our own salvation and the salvation of others 
along these lines. 

The Evolution theory is false in fact and mischeivous in 
practice and we see its evil effects now in the infernal War in 
Europe. The elephant does not grow to his enormous size 
and strength by destroying weaker elephants. He feeds on 
grass. The largest weeds are plucked out of the garden while 
the smaller ones are left. Man and nations who prey on the 
weaker go down in the end. The Roman Empire went down 
when the people at the centre got into the habit of expecting 
bread and amusements at the expense of toiling masses in 
other places. The Roman Empire continued to grow while 
they were making roads and developing the countries they 

The strong lion does not live by preying on other weak 
lions or even the weak of other animals. It fights and conquers 
and eats other strong animals. 

Man is the only animal that oftenest preys on his own 
kind. That type of man however is not the ideal man. The 
small Japanese are just as useful in the World as the big Ger- 
mans. The big man is very often the laziest man in the town 
or village. 

Nature has provided the small man with means by which 
he is the equal of the big man. The small Japanese gunner 
can get around much quicker than the big German and his 
smaller size enables him to dodge his head into a safe corner 
more easily than the big German. Now do you see it, you 
worshippers of monkeys and other low animals. 


I have been studying the Germans for a number of years, 
and some of them have also been studying me. The tug of 
war started with the Kaiser's telegraph to Kruger, continued 
through the Boer war, the Kaiser's famous interview and the 
turmoil in Germany over the fact that the Emperor called 
himself our friend. It is evident he was playing a double 
game. He was concealing his withered hand, but they were 
more blunt and transparent. German spying like many of 
their other doings, is exceedingly stupid. I have been amusing 


myself for the last three months watching them. I have at 
last however cut off their acquaintance entirely, and if they 
keep away from me I shall certainly allow others to watch 
them. Their actions are now known to the whole world. 

One day I was watching the bulletin at the "Star" on 
St. James Street. I noticed a well built and well dressed 
German in the crowd. He had an uneasy look about him. 
I had one of Franco-British buttons on my coat breast at which 
he took a hasty glance. He asked for the G.T.R. office. I 
told him I did not know of any nearer than McGill Street. 
He said he knew there was one round about as he was in it 
before, but could not find it now. He had evidently been 
here some time ago. Next evening I noticed him on Windsor 
and Peel Street looking at all the buildings for patriotic emblems. 
Next day he got on the car with me at the corner of Peel and 
St. Catherine Streets and at the Post Office asked for the 
Dominion Express Office. He had a diamond looking scarf 
pin in his tie. I have not seen him since. 

One Sunday afternoon I was sitting on Dominion Square 
reading a book about Germany, when a small sized man with 
a naval cap looked over my shoulder to watch what I was 
reading. He started conversation, but I forget now what he 
said. He walked away with another person who entered the 
Windsor Hotel. He watched the two doors for some time 
but the other man did not appear. Then he went to the 
North side of the Square and examined all houses carefully 
as if looking for a good place for to place a bomb. He then 
marched through the Square and when the Salvation Army 
came along he got very much interested and stood on the street 
between an auto car and the Army, but at a distance from them. 
He then followed the Army down St. Catherine Street to the 
Barracks and stood on the street opposite watching them tlil 
they entered the Hall. Then he went to Phillips Square and 
studied the monument at close range from four sides. I 
then lost sight of him quite suddenly. 

I was sitting on Dominion Square one evening when a 
strange man and woman said to me: "Good night, Sir." This 
looked suspicious to me, so I got as far as the corner and 
observed them both from behind and sideways, and made sure 
I never saw them before to my knowledge, so I came back to 


the Square. The man was carrying a small paper parcel, 
evidently some literature he was circulating among pro- 
Germans. They came back shortly, and the man went to 
look at the Wig-Maker shop opposite, and the woman came 
and sat on the same seat with me and tried to start a con- 
versation to get my opinion about the War. When she failed 
to draw me out she joined her companion at a distance. The 
next evening the same two came along and said good-night, 
as the night before, but I did not respond, and followed them 
at a distance and they met a third party in the shadow of 
MacDonald Monument. I told the police about it. I have 
not seen them since. 

One Sunday when the report of British Ships being sunk 
came along I noticed a German Spy with his back to the wall 
watch the effect on the crowd — with a broad smile on his face. 
I started to observe him from a distance, and he evidently 
noticed me as he moved several times to near where I stood. 

I know the German accent well, and can tell a German 
face in most cases when I see it. Another night I noticed a 
German Spy at the corner where I live. When I came out for 
a walk I noticed a stranger at the corner as I passed — I went 
down the street a piece and went into a doorway. He passed 
to the other side and went down the street opposite. He had 
evidently lost track of me, though I did not lose track of him, 
so I stood at the corner and allowed him to pass me and I 
followed. He went up a side street till I passed, but I dodged 
him again and got into a doorway before he came back. Finally 
he noticed that I had spotted him — and he made tracks East. 

The most extraordinary characteristic of all people of 
German origin and even those who are only half German that 
I know is that scarcely any of them seem to be the least re- 
pentant about the atrocities of the Germans since the War 
started. They are ready to defend Germany through thick 
and thin. I would expect that even Germans in a free country 
would be manly enough to denounce the wrong even when 
done by their own countrymen — especially when they are 
receiving the hospitality of a country with which they are at 
War. I am almost certain that they will bring trouble on 
themselves before the War is over. A large amount of pro- 
German literature is being mailed by letter post from Holland 


and Washington to people in the United States and Canada. 
I have received some of it myself and have seen some of it 
that was received by others. 

These notes are in addition to my observations about 
local Germans in my Pamphlet on the War already published, 
and will be printed either in the second edition of this Pamphlet, 
or in Part II, which I intend to publish soon. In the mean- 
time I have cut off all relations with all Germans that I know, 
and with whom I have done business in the past. Unless any 
of them will call to see me uninvited I shall certainly not call 
upon any of them for business or any other purpose, until 
this War is over, and whether we shall ever renew our ac- 
quaintance again is rather doubtful. I have already found 
out their minds sufficiently to come to definite conclusions 
about their character — which in many cases appear to me like 
the frozen snake in the fable, that the kind-hearted farmer 
took home to warm and as soon as it got warm it repaid his 
hospitality by hissing at the family. 

Books on the War, the Germans and the Allied Nations. 

New York Life, published weekly 10 cents. The weekly 
editorials of Life since the War commenced were the best of 
all that I have read on the subject. I would like to see the 
whole series published in one book. Bernhardi's " Germany and 
the Next War" with brutal bluntness gives away the whole 
fiendish policy of the German War Party; price 50 cents in paper 
"The Human Slaughterhouse" written by a German human- 
tarian before the War, described with prophetic vision the 
horrors of this War; price 50 cents. "The Round Table" 
(Quarterly), for September gives a comprehensive and able 
resume of the causes of the War; 90 cents. "A Scrap of 
Paper" by Dr. Dillon, a writer of European reputation on 
European politics exposes the knavery of German diplomacy 
with a master's hand; price 35 cents. "What I saw in Russia" 
by Hon. M. Baring, is a masterly description of Slav character. 
It is much more lovely than German character; price 35 cents. 


The Villain, the Bully and the Black Sheep with the 

Yellow Streak. 

In the first part of this series I quoted extensively from 
that eminent writer on "National Characteristics/' the late 
Price Collier on "Modern Germany." I have however been 
studying racial characteristics, myself, for many years, and 
as some of my friends said that I quoted too much from others 
in the first part, I don't think they will have the same complaint 
in this one, so I am going to give them the results of my own 
investigations into the character of ancient and modern Ger- 
mans at home and abroad — including our ancient hereditary 
enemies, the Angles, Saxons and Jutes — whom after a struggle 
of nearly 1400 years we have finally managed to polish and 
turn out into good friends, neighbors and co-workers, including 
our friend "Tommy Atkins." The effort was worth all the 
trouble, for the average Englishman of to-day is a pretty good 
sort of fellow, he is a great improvement on the original Saxon. 
He is now credited with being the most forgiving type we have „ 
in the British Isles. I am told, and I have reason to believe 
it to be true, that he can shake hands after a fight, even if he 
is beaten, with more grace than either an Irishman, a Scotch- 
man or a Welshman. We do occasionally meet with some of 
them who talk as if England was the whole show, and Ireland, 
Scotland and Wales were only a Celtic fringe at the back of 
the map. They don't repeat this kind of talk very often to 
me, because I realize that in verbal combats, as well as physical, 
you have to beat the German even when he is a civilized 
Englishman, in order to gain his respect. So we get along 
nicely. They would be quite willing to adopt the Highlanders 
and call them English, but the Highlander refuses with thanks 
to become an Englishman; he is quite willing, however, to be 
a partner in a great firm of John Bull, Sandy and Pat — to which 
we have lately added also John Bonhomme. I have studied 
the Celt, the Norseman, the Slav, the Indian and the Semite, 
for many years. No subject is more interesting to me than 
the study of races. All of them have good and bad qualities. 
The best races of the human family at the present time are 
the cross breeds of Celts and Teutons, particularly the Celts 
and the Norsemen. The pure Celt and the Semite are far 


too mystic and live too much in the past and too little in the 
present and are inclined to extreme stages of superstitition 
and quarrel too much about trifles, which was one reason that 
the Germans often squeezed them out of their possessions. 
The German on the other hand has a callous, cruel, tyrannical 
streak in his constitution. He is not so chivalrous on the 
average as the Celt, the Slav, or the Norsemen. The Red 
Indian reduced his own race by fraternal, cruel strifes and so 
did the German in various stages in his history. 

The Slav is more humane and lovely in his relations to 
his fellows and he is accordingly increasing at a great rate. 
He is in no sense a menace to other races as the German and 
the Semite. (The Semite is quite harmless if he would scatter 
throughout the country). He is not easily provoked and when 
he is provoked he is easily pacified if you appeal to his heart. 
He is a worker and his wants are few. The German has a 
destructive streak in his character, in all the wars of his history, 
he has left a trail of destruction behind him. The destruction 
of Rome by Alaric's German hordes is a notorious fact in 

In the British Isles he has been an aggressor and tyrant 
for many years. The natives learnt his language, but he 
never learnt theirs. In Scotland he has continued to despise 
the natives to the North and West of him, even down to her 
own time. His hatred of the natives of Wales and Ireland is 
proverbial. In Canada his antagonism to the French element 
in Ontario and Manitoba is a menace to the peace and happiness 
of the country. When he came to the North American Conti- 
nent his feuds with the French in Canada and the native Indians 
have been boorish, brutal and cruel. He kidnapped Negroes 
in Africa and made them work for him for nothing. After he 
involved his adopted country of Britain in war with France 
and got French rule abolished in North America, then he 
agitated for separation from his adopted country of Britain 
and started to found another country for himself. In this 
venture he was fairly successful. He managed to have Ger- 
manized the country by the compulsory adoption of English 
as the only official language. In the British Empire, however, 
he has failed in his effort to make all the people a Saxon brand 
of Germans, and he is not liable to succeed in doing so in the 


future. There are too many people in the British Empire 
who believe that instead of having one religion and one language 
the more languages a man or an Empire has, the more the man 
is a man and the stronger the Empire. He is now swamped in 
the British Empire and in the American Republic by other 
races and he is a great improvement in consequence on the 
original stock in the great principles of liberty. The great 
Republic to the South of us is now developing nicely along 
humanitarian lines by the assimilation of blood and ideas from 
other races. The pure German, like the pure Celtic, is an 
absolute failure by himself. When the German and the Celt 
and the Norseman amalgamate as they have done in France 
and the British Isles and the great Republic to the South of 
us, they turn out a highly civilized people, but pure unadul- 
terated German kulture is pure brutality, and the less we 
have of it the better. 


Blood is thicker than water, and possibly being of Norman- 
Celtic blood, accounts for my warm sympathy for things Celtic 
and Slav in Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Russia, Canada and 
France, but I must confess that we have also very small potatoes 
of the Bourassa, Keir Hardie, Bernard Shaw and Sinn Fein 
type. These small minded people should all be bagged up 
together and dealt with by the Celtic people themselves and 
not leave it to others to discipline them. These kind of people 
have always been like barnacles on a great ship. 

To me it is a cause of great rejoicing that the Highlanders 
with their Kilts and Bagpipes that I love so dearly, though 
small in numbers, have still in many instances a place of honor 
in holding up the honor of our Empire. The military classes 
have always been friendly to the Highlands and when the day 
of repeopling the Highlands with men instead of deer will 
come — as it will surely come some day — we can point with 
pride to our record in the past. The same Fraser Highlanders 
who fought against Wolfe at Cullodon won the Plains of 
Abraham for him afterwards. There was a story told at that 
time that Cumberland whose memory no Highlander loves, 
no matter whether his ancestors were Jacobites or anti-Jacobites 


ordered young Wolfe — who was then a young officer — to finish 
a wounded Highlander, and Wolfe replied that he came to 
fight and not to kill the wounded. This story has long been 
current in the Highlands and the very same Highlanders who 
fought against Wolfe at first, would go through fire and water 
for him afterwards. Poor Flora Macdonald said when she 
was done out of house and home after the War of Independence 
in the States: "We fought for the Stuarts in the Highlands 
and for the House of Hanover in America, and we lost in both 
cases — it was hard luck, but we did our duty, as we understood 
it. They never were traitors to their country, they only 
differed from the other party in politics. The Island of Lewis 
was anti-Jacobite, but when Prince Charles came there as a 
wanderer — and they could easily have captured him and got 
the reward offered for his head, no Lewis man would sell him. 
They wanted no blood money, poor as they were. The larger 
the Empire the more the liberty and the Celts everywhere in 
Scotland, Ireland, Wales or Canada, should do their share in 
the common cause, and not be shirkers or poltroons. Let 
them claim all their inheritance, that is my watchword for the 
Celts wherever they are. No language sounded sweeter at 
Paardeburg in South Africa than the French spoken by the 
French Canadians in the ranks of the Canadian Contingent. 
I will always stand up for the Highlands, Celts, Irish and French 
every time, but I expect them to keep up their own reputation 
and not be led away by small-minded knaves, whose vision 
never gets past their own village. As for me, " Little Norman" 
as they called me in Lewis will do his duty while the others 
are holding the reputation of their ancestors with the bayonet 
fighting the Germans. It takes a good many kinds of people 
to make a world. It has been said that the pen is sometimes 
mightier than the sword, so whatever I can do in that line I 
am going to do till this War is over and the Germans are 
conquered once more. 

The Soul of the Southern Slav. 

In some people's minds there is still some kind of a terror 
of the Russian. Now it is well for such people to remember 
that as far as we know, Russia has no designs on us. They 


have lots of room and undeveloped resources in their own 
country and I for one do not wish to blame them for wishing 
to have some seaports in warm water, where their ships can 
come to harbor all the year round. I do not believe that any 
one now justifies our part in the Crimean War — the object of 
which was, as far as we were concerned, to hold up the un- 
speakable Turk as a buffer between the sea and the Muscovite. 
The Slav of all sections of Europe is an absolutely different type 
from the German. We have referred to his character as 
exemplified by the great Tolstoi and other similar characters 
in the first part of this sketch. They no doubt have their 
own problems of government to solve, as we all know that 
idealists sometimes go to extremes and it is quite possible 
that the treatment of Siberian Exiles have been exaggerated 
and that many of those who were sent there were not exactly 
the kind of people that some people imagined them to be. 
However, be that as it may, we know that the Slav is not a 
Poltroon who will always lie down under the abuse of those 
above him, whether he is well fed or not, the same as the Ger- 
mans will do, and have been doing. A remarkable sketch on 
the Southern Slavs of Servia in particular has appeared in 
the October number of Fortnightly Review written by Madam 
Elizabeth Christith. As she well says: "Races preserve their 
characteristics in defiance of the laws of environment and 
evolution. The Southern Slav's predominent trait is brotherly 
love. This love extends to all mankind from the Slav's point 
of view. It does not end at the national boundary line like 
Bernhardi's national ideas. The Balkan peasant left to himself 
is inclined to treat the erring with pity and forbearance. The 
man who has in a passion committed homicide is subject all 
his life to such remorse that it is the principal pre-occupation 
of his friends to divert his mind from his misfortune. Pre- 
meditated crime is very rare. The Slav can be cruel, but it is 
only through weakness, passivity or in a moment of terrible 
mental excitement. Brutality and callousness are foreign to 
his nature. He is not (like the Prussian) unduly harsh to his 
subordinates, nor like the Prussian, unduly cringing to his 
superiors. The Vendetta has never taken root among the 
Southern Slav. Jew baiting is unknown among these people. 
Anyone afflicted with infirmity is sure of meeting with kindness 


in a Balkan village. Not for King or Fatherland, nor for the 
Cross of Christ, but "For Givan! Rescue Givan" was the 
cry which rescued a captured gun and comrade from the Turks. 
Broad tolerance founded on indifference, or rank scepticism 
prevails. Their favorite proverb is: "A brother is a brother 
of whatever creed." Spirituality or religion with him is sub- 
servient to humanity. Wealth has but a minor attraction to 
-the Southern Slav, while to the German it is everything. 
Avarice is not so prevalent a vice with them as with the Ger- 
mans. The Slav races in the Balkans bordering on Austria 
want to unite together and to be free from German tyranny 
in Austria and who can blame them? Russia made war on 
Austria because they started to ride rough shod over the 
Southern Slav, as the British Empire made war on Germany 
because they showed their determination to ride over in an 
equal brutal manner our neighbours in France and Belgium. 
Germany proper and German Austria, had the same purpose 
to bully other people, Russia and ourselves have the same 
purpose, which is that we are not going to stand by with folded 
arms and let them do it. This is the time that the "bully" 
gets a dose of his own medicine. 


(New York Life, Oct. 8th, 1914) 

The interesting thing ahead when the fighting is finished 
is the unscrambling of Europe. The German mind takes no 
account of it. It is all for making Europe a great German 
trust, capitalized high enough to give a huge profit on the 
war, full of subsidiaries, and with "common" and "pre- 
ferred" and the other trimmings. The German idea is to 
do all that by main strength and then keep it done by main 
strength. The plan has all the charms that made the argu- 
ment for our big trusts — economy and efficiency of adminis- 
tration, capacity to do large things on a small scale, and all 
that. All the small, independent concerns of Europe would 


be incorporated into the big German trust, and made fabu- 
lously profitable to the owners by a perfected organization 
and the extirpation of competition. No more Belgium, no 
more Holland, no Switzerland, as little England as possible, 
a pared-down France and a grand, gigantic Germany. 

But the English — British — idea seems to be quite dif- 

"We want this war to settle the map of Europe on 
national lines and according to the wishes of the people who 
dwell in the disputed areas. 

"After all the blood that is being shed we want a natural 
and harmonious settlement which liberates races, restores 
the integrity of nations, subjugates no one and permits a 
genuine and lasting relief from the waste and tension of 
armaments under which we suffered so long." 

So Winston Churchill, first Lord of the Admiralty, and 
what he says is a proper sentiment for England who cannot 
hope to occupy this world by her unaided force, and has 
need of contented neighbors to work with. Part of the great 
problem will be to devise* due possibilities of contentment 
for all the Germans except the military caste, and not even 
that can the Allies shirk. There will be sixty-odd million 
very valuable Germans left when the war is over, and that 
is far too many people to be left with punctured hopes or 
without a satisfying vision of the future. Somehow matters 
must be handled so that in twenty years Germans will say : 
"After all, it was a good war for us. It delivered us from 
militarism and Pan-Germanism and left us free to live and 
work and trade in a world no longer unfriendly. 

This war is an enormous process of civilization, and it 
is as a process that we should look at it — a process that 
came inevitably out of the preparations made for it and the 
defects in the world-arrangement that preceded it. We 
ought to feel confident that out of all the killing and destruc- 
tion that is going on now ideas and considerations and con- 
cessions will come to birth that will be worth the terrible 
cost and anguish of the accouchement. There is a German 
point of view that, with ail its unconscionable terrors and 
brutalities and its dreadful entanglement with militarism 
and the gospel of force and Prussian Junkerism, is not all 


nonsense. These Germans that are being killed by regiments 
ought to be carrying their civilization to parts of the world 
that need it. As far as it goes, it is a wonderful civilization, 
and the made-over world that is coming must provide mar- 
kets for all that is good in it. For that matter, the world 
that was before the first of August was open enough, amply 
open, to the German civilization. It was only too closed to 
German sovereignty, which could not spread except by tres- 
passing on premises already in hands competent to resist 
trespass. German civilization was welcome almost every- 
where. German sovereignty was welcome almost nowhere 
outside of Germany. That it will be any more welcome after 
the war does not seem at all likely, but with the fear of 
German sovereignty dissipated, German civilization — mean- 
ing efficiency, patience and order — may be more welcome in 
the earth than ever. 

Meanwhile it is all the preliminary details of the process 
that interest us; the details of the fighting. That goes on 
at this writing on the line of the Aisne with desperate 
fervency. The Allies refuse to be beaten; so do the Ger- 
mans. The butcher's bill grows and grows ; we know little 
about it, and cannot think much about it yet, because of the 
intensity of our concern about the issue. Clearly, the great 
plan to overwhelm France by a sudden onslaught is a dead 
failure. If the invaders are to possess France they will have 
to earn and pay for every yard of it. But there is no pros- 
pect that they will possess it. The Germans on the Aisne 
are fighting for dear life, and all the time the rapping on 
the back doors of Berlin grows louder, and winter is coming 
on. Terrible stories come and persist about German atroci- 
ties in Belgium, including outrage and mutilation of women. 
A letter published in the Sun, written to Harold M. Sewall, 
of Bath, Maine, is explicit and convincing as to this latter 


Will contain "An Analysis of German Atrocities, Ger- 
man Kultur and Saladin's Life of Martin Luther." 

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